Observations (Short Werdz Book 2)

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  1. MODERATORS
  2. Welcome to Reddit,
  3. Learning to read is learning how to live - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)
  4. Learning to read is learning how to live

A child will only gain really good literacy skills if they learn to love reading. Who will model the love of reading if their parents find reading difficult? Some are lucky enough to have close relatives who can do this, but not all. I think Gerard is suggesting that pre-school and child-care should fill the gap.

That's a nice story. However, I think the majority of illiterate adults qualify as "funtionally illiterate" and are often deeply ashamed to struggle through children's books, and prefer to hide their lack of skill. Learning side-by-side with their children would present challenges of its own, insofar as adult brains are less plastic than children's. Preschool commences, for those who wish to attend it, at age 3.

Most year olds don't get much further than the alphabet and counting. They would know a few words but the idea that many could be reading Dahl and Lewis is a bit far out for me to believe. Yes, having books at home is one of the best indicators of the gap between advantaged and disadvantaged.

There is a culture gap before the child reaches pre-school. Extra resources a la Gonski are urgently required before the gap consolidates and the disadvantaged are condemned to the perpetuating cycle we have at the moment. Maybe it's because they are unable to read themselves and don't see the value in it? Or they are too embarrassed?

Sadly enough, when little Mary or little Michael struggles later on to keep up with their peers , that same parent will probably just blame the system. Becuase it's easier. I did not have any preschool, but I learnt to read as a four-year old from my brother, who had just started Primary school In Finland you start Primary the year you turn seven I was an early reader.

I read the bible when I was Found there was very little difference in that book and the old testament, except for the race and method of genocide. The only difference in the old testament fairy-tales was that "god" told "his chosen people" to do the massacres, and Adolf Hitler ordered his sick people to do the same things. That's why I'm no longer a christian. Unfortunately, a lot of grammar and spelling has been lost in recent culture. Children should be given e-book reading devices so they can stay "hip" to their peers. I my family everybody but me has an e-reader, both the young and the old; I prefer a 'real' book, I like the feel of the paper, I like scribbling on the edges of the pages, and at times underlining something profound The love of reading was passed to me by my parents, and I have done the same to my family When my kids were young and attended many birthday parties, I used to buy books for them to give as birthday presents.

Finally one of them said: Mum can you get something else, many of my friends don't like books Someone said that choosing not to read confers no more advantage than being unable to read. Lifestyle and technology is biting deep into what we might now call 'recreational reading'. I read a lot, but it's functional. Work not pleasure. Maybe I just need a log cabin vacation! The absolutely cringe producing lesson, frequently lost, is the war criminals of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan were not particularly different from the rest of us, or indeed the ethic cleansers of the old testament.

Given the right conditions you can get people to do pretty much anything and obey anyone. I wouldn't discount the modern stories as lacking grammar and spelling, and classic writers is superior. I read on average 2 books a week, all sorts but mostly fiction and can say that modern writing is often as good or better than the classics depending on the author of course. The style of writing has changed significantly since the classics and I find reading many classics is often a slog rather than the smooth paced work of many modern writers such as John Ringo, J.

Rowling, David Eddings, etc. Early reading was also the cause of my atheism. When I was a young child, the bible was put in my bookshelf at the request of my catholic grandmother. It was a good plan, but it had a minor flaw: All the other books in my room were fairy-tales and nobody told me the bible was supposed to be viewed any different.

I want to point out one thing. As far as I know, the wars happened and people were killed in the old testament is not the same with what Hitler has done. Those people were killed because they disobeyed the God in the Bible. Just as a story, it is different to the Hitler. Further, the words seems like that you still keep the same judgement, or view, when you were quite young. May I ask if you do have a new developed judgement or view? My parents read fairytales to me, often several times a day, when I was very young and continued to instil a love of literature by encouraging me to read.

They ensured that I had access to the classics either at home or in a library. If I complained about being forced to read a novel for school they simply said that I would enjoy it when I got into the book and I needed to persevere. And they were right, there were very few books i didn't learn to love!

I grew up to love reading- this is a great gift from my parents. I also now love watching my sister pass on this love to my nephew as she reads to him every night before he goes to bed- reading is a part of his daily routine, long may that routine continue! I loved reading until I got to high school. Then every book novel, play, poetry was followed by having to write an essay about how men oppress women. Got kind of boring after a while. I had to learn Morte d'Arthur Tennyson, not Mallory and then recite it in assembly. Mind you, I was an unruly lad at boarding school, on occasions.

I am not sure who is responsible for the headline "Learning to read is learning how to live", but patently this is a falsehood that does great disservice to all non-literate societies both in the past and extant.

The use of "non-literate" as distinct from the arrogant "preliterate" allows for being in the world without the need for a written language. Reading is merely a phenomenon of our modern cultures and necessary for one's enculturation but certainly not a requirement for either morality or empathy. Ataraxia, this article is about the power of stories to bring about an understanding of another person's place in the universe.

All societies, literate or non-literate pass on these stories. In literate societies this happens through reading, in non-literate societies it happens orally. What this article is saying is that in our literate society, all children need to be given access to these stories by their parents reading to them when they are very young. Often parents don't see the value in reading to their child and I find that very sad!

No one is denying the value, even the necessity, of enculturation. I do, however deny the validity of the headline. It certainly helps, though. Without sufficient language we cannot have sufficient thought. Some emotions are defined by the kind of nuance only language can express - without it we have only those base universal emotions Darwin captured so well in his book on the subject. With literacy comes civility, or so history seems to suggest. But hell, if I couldn't read, I wouldn't be disposed to making a choice. True - literacy is not a pre-requisite of morality.

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But to not be able to access the world's great thinkers puts one at a great disadvantage in determining morality. Non-literate societies could no doubt be moral and empathetic, as well as happy. They were not, however, very successful. To pretend otherwise is foolish. In today's world, the person or cultural group without literacy is doomed to a second class existence.

You seem to be arguing that illiteracy is a viable option. I hope that is not the case. Where did I argue that illiteracy is a viable option in our society? Indeed in our culture it is a necessary prerequisite for survival. One can at least imagine cultures where literacy is a disadvantage. Even in our own culture for me to quote great slabs of Hamlet as I am wont to do in an inappropriate setting a Hells Angels meeting for example - thanks to Gue for the example would be to court disaster.

The article does not claim being literate is REQUIRED for morality or empathy but that it is the most powerful cultural tool devised for the rapid spread of ideas between peoples separated through time and place. Morality and empathy are innate human qualities which is why morality tales have always been popular.

Those cultures who are "non-literate" are limited in their ability to transmit cultural information to future generations. Oral history dies with the speaker, literature lasts for thousands of years. Sorry Dad but oral cultures pass on their knowledge and stories through all of prose, songs and paintings, generation after generation. What you read today as Herodotus or Aboriginal dreamtime is many thousands of years old.

Imagine accepting anything Herodotus wrote without reference to the culture of 5th century BC Athens. In order to appreciate Aboriginal Dreamtime stories one must be immersed in the Aboriginal culture from which the stories emerged. To examine either from another culture, for example our own, and pass judgements upon them is hubristic in the extreme. I'm a bit surprised at your reaction.

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People often say things like "You haven't lived until you've insert personal interest ". At least when it comes to reading there is a strong reasoning behind the statement. The invention of writing was a milestone in human development up there with wheels, fire, combustion propelled wheels and flame throwers. It is central to education, vital when educating oneself and indispensable when venting uneducated opinions in online blogs. Maybe not a requirement for morality or empathy, but it's certainly an advantage and should be strongly encouraged.

Not much written by the aborigines over the tens of thousands of years but they seem to know about The Dreaming and how to manage living on the land much better than us educated white fellas. They learnt through drawings, song and storytelling. Books are great, but only one approach. Hear, hear. Furthermore, in this day and age "learning how to live" demands attending to all the new technologies and ideas. Doctrinaire Donnelly's shtick on The Drum appears to be sneakily pushing his religious agenda under the guise of cultural and literary appraisal.

At least on this occasion he's restricted his overt churchy boosterism to a one sentence recommendation of biblical psalms and the other material he recommends is mostly benign -- morality plays mercifully devoid of demented dogma. While it's probably true that reading literature with your kids as opposed to reading literature to your kids, a critical distinction humanises them, you'd really want to expose them to a far broader range of material than that canvassed here. Kids in the modern world are gonna need it. The life lessons in that tome rival and surpass anything you'll find in any holy book.

Get it at the ABC Shop now! Zombie Bums From Uranus is also a valuable teaching resource. Really ataraxia? Nonliterate vs preliterate? That is the PC battlefront you are wasting energy fighting on? Who is fighting? No one is denying the necessary process of enculturation.

You mentioned a lexical distinction that many would consider spurious, so therefore you are the one who is fighting. If enculturation is a necessary process then preliterate is every bit as valid a term as non-literate. If it is a necessary process then those who are non-literate are yet to become literate, rather than being on an alternative non-literate cultural developmental pathway. In the end it is quite irrelevant - any non-literate people who might take offence at the term preliterate will not be reading this article anyway.

Yes, ancient cultures had an oral tradition, and that may be maintained in some current cultural pockets, althought to a lesser degree than to make it the standard. However, learning the texts, whether oral or written, doesn't make them less "literary", so I think the generalisation can stand without it being condemned as a disservice to anyone. This is a valid point but I do not think in any way the author meant to exclude oral storytelling traditions. It is just that with the powerful ability to project and disseminate stories that the printing revolution created, the older and oral and by necessity local traditions have since often been overlooked.

Mythology and tales of adventure and striving told at the mothers breast are the lifeblood of literature and we do need reminding of that occasionally. Meanwhile the connection between storytelling in all its forms and the development of emotional maturity and empathy is the greater benefit that we should not lose sight of. To hear and understand a persons story, to inhabit vicariously his or her life ,be it via the spoken word or read on a page or on a tablet, is what the mental and moral gain of the storytelling exchange is all about. Yes, I guess my quarrel is chiefly with the headline.

Literacy is defined not as storytelling but as the ability to read and write. Many of the comments here extol the value of literacy with which I agree. But to simply accept literacy's virtues without close examination is a dereliction of intellectual integrity. One of the problems associated with, say, the Bible is that its stories are not permitted to change through time and thus they lend themselves to all sorts of hermeneutical acrobatics that are exploited by fundamentalists.

Oral societies do not seem to have this problem. I take your point, but in a predominantly literate society such as ours, not being able to read excludes people from much. Oh I so whole-heartedly agree! My wife and I have an entire room set aside for our library of books, 15 floor to ceiling bookcases overflowing with literature, and a lovely couch and rocking chair to read on.

Her favourite authors are J. Tolkien and Sara Douglass, while mine is currently Matthew Reilly Yeah, I know, not really classic, but his works are Aussie and action-packed. I love Sci-Fi, she loves historical fiction and fantasy. We own Homer, Aristotle, Plato, and there is even an ancient, original edition of Mien Kampf in germen that my Grandfather nicked in WW2 on our shelves I can read nor speak German, but I also own an English language copy- it?

He really was nuts. I also own a Kindle, and have books on my iPad, but nothing compares to the feeling of turning the dog-eared, yellowed pages of a thick book. Also, they hurt less than an iPad when you are lying down, you slip while turning a page and drop them on your head. Truely, reading is a far better pass-time than TV or Video Games. I think the lessons for want of a better word that can be learned from sci-fi are under-rated. It can open your mind in so many different ideas and possibilities as it can have such huge themes. You realise that your little life is a tiny speck in a vast Universe, in fact the whole planet is a tiny speck, and the history of humanity less than an eye blink.

It makes me realise that most 'problems' really aren't that important, which is comforting in a strange way. Reading Heinlein's kids books led me to a whole world of sci-fi, then astronomy, cosmology, physics etc. I don't understand all of it particularly physics but it is marvellous stuff, and for me much more 'amazing' and interesting than celebrity gossip or whatever. I agree also apart from the comment 'forget the ereaders and tablets'. Your comment demonstrates you also enjoy 'turning pages'. We are experimenting with the use of ebooks for early readers in a developing country.

Books are fragile, expensive and difficult to freight heavy. A water leak or mould can wipeout a whole library! Ebooks on the other hand are secure, inexpensive and readily accessible over slow internet connections BUT you have to care for the ereader of course. I wonder if the love of turning pages is something that is developed through joyful reading experiences or is it something deeper. At this stage it seems from our experience that those who have never had the opportunity to turn pages are just as happy to use an ereader.

However, many older readers have verbalised exactly your thoughts. Thank you. Ereaders are also invaluable for the traveller - you can download stacks of books in one lightweight package that you can turn on anywhere. SO much better reading a 'book' while waiting for a plane than staring at the wall! Yes, and yes.. TV and other visual media is so often passive: you sit and watch and you don't have to imagine. In a book, or when you are verbally told a story, the words are the way the idea in one persons mind transfers to another, including the effort to visualise the people and the places, based on clues in the descriptions matched with things you know.

Try to describe an orange to someone who hasn't seen one is almost impossible, but if they have seen one, you can convey not just how it made you feel to eat it, but the smell and the taste and the texture and the shade of the colour in the light of the room And thats just O is for Orange.. Like active play, and imaginary friends, written words are a powerful tool for a complex developing mind. I've tried to read Mein Kampf three times, each time reading a bit more, but I had to put it down because I thought there must be something lost in the translation, because it was so weird.

A German friend of mine said there was nothing wrong with the translation, the book was written by a true lunatic! I actually played it on a projector so that the whole family could watch and take part in the decision-making. I envy your bookcases - our collection is still mostly living in boxes and tottering piles :.

A roomful of books! My parents had their own bookshelves when I was a kid, and so did each kid, but mostly we checked books out from the library weekly. I can understand the attractiveness of collecting old or rare copies, the same as old or rare anything, but I READ books for the stories and for the ideas. Storing books is something else again. Neither the stories nor the ideas depend on paper. I took reading for granted, a pleasurable activity, a work essential.

Then I met a man who had not learned to read. He asked me what the Horoscope said, I passed it to him, and he mumbled that he could not read. Because of circumstances I spent three months with him and one day he read a letter to me his pleasure nearly equalled mine. The consequences, the exclusion, the denial you place on children if you fail to teach them to read are immense. The skill is too vital to be left to others. Recipes, web pages , game instructions, TV advertisements , billboards let them read them all out loud and enjoy the sound.

If they do not learn because you were too "time poor" their silence and problems in life will lie at your door. Adult interaction - that is human contact is the key. Adults do not learn well from electronic media - neither do children. Because as humanity evolved we learnt to do well what is done by those we hold dearest, they are who we trust the most. If you grow up surrounded by those who deride and detest learning, it is most likely you will form the same opinion. If you grow up surrounded and nurtured by humans who love learning, reading, and thinking; it is most likely you will become the same as them.

Reading and writing are core skills that improve learning outcomes across the curriculum. Recent experiments in schools in the US with poor test results determined that students had trouble grasping concepts and expressing complex thoughts. Reading and writing components were added even in maths and science classes and scores across the board increased dramatically. I don? Dr Donnelly can stick to fact and draw logical conclusions.

I was heavy into reading and mathematics with my two. Whilst its hard to say, I would think my parental involvement helped them from ATARs of mid 80s to the 99 they both achieved. Life is much more than an ATAR however. I have watched both children learn new skills and develop greater understanding through reading.

Also, now in their twenties, they come back to me to discuss just like when they were in primary school. Its a vehicle that permits me to stay in touch. Getting your kids to read and reading with them is the best thing you can do in my view. The only addition I would make to the article is reading is not just prose. One reads mathematics, music and science just to name another three. These other readings helps round them out.

While playing computer games I've experienced many of the positive aspects of reading described above. Depends on the type of game, of course. But some of them actually have deep and involving narratives. Some of them require great focus and attention to detail over a prolonged period of time. And many of them have moral lessons to tell. You have to choose your game, of course. You won't find much literary depth during a bash at Mario Kart. But I challenge Dr Kevin Donnelly to provide his definition of 'computer games' so that we can compare it with the benchmarks he has provided for 'literature'.

What would you consider the high-water mark of your computer game experience, Dr Donnelly? When reading an enthralling, page-turning novel, we have all experienced the feeling of being transported to an imaginative world where we get so caught up with the characters that what is happening feels real It's the fact that you're experiencing a well crafted story. The medium doesn't necessarily matter - and before anyone starts waxing poetic about the tactile experience of turning pages, I invite you to share an anecdote about the last time you enjoyed a good book that didn't actually have any words printed in it.

It's not enthralling because it's made of paper. It's the story that educates. You should choose the media based on the best way to tell the story. Remember that computer game development is still in its infancy when compared to virtually all other forms of storytelling - but trust me, it's made incredible strides in the last two decades.

Learning to read is learning how to live - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)

This medium now permits the telling of stories involving features that could not be experienced using text alone. Everybody has favourites, of course. And you are shaped by what you experienced during your childhood. But surely that argues for broad experience, involving many different types of stories on various media? Rather than "Forget e-readers and tablets, computer screens and plasma TVs We should be taking every opportunity to teach moral lessons to children. Well-chosen computer games are part of that mix.

Games like Myst could be seen as you describe, but really? Poor story-lines, centered around death and violence Life is easy if you kill anyone in your way and steal their stuff? Need I go on? Sure, there are violent books out there Yes, I've been selective, but for a reason This is what your kids want I don't think so. I doubt any leared person would. What do you think the most-read books are? I can almost assure you it's not Shakespeare.

Mass-market entertainment can coexist with works of real literary value in any medium, and usually do. I basically agree with you. Some games aren't educational, but there are plenty that are. I'm from the generation that grew up as computers first appeared in our homes. I remember getting a , and tentatively exploring games like "The incredible machine" or "lemmings" on it with great excitement. There were plenty of shoot-em-ups and action games too, but the learning games and story games were strong from the start.

Adventure games like "King's Quest" and "Space Quest" were probably my favourite. If you're a parent today, and you want a game for your kid that has some kind of redeemable value, then an adventure game is a good choice. They're less common now than they used to be, but they're still around, in forms appropriate for the young kids and the older ones too.

I think the difference is with a book you need to use your imagination to paint the picture so to speak. What the characters look like, the buildings the landscapes are all largely creations of your imagination. This leads, I believe into the real world, so you can imagine a cardborad box is a castle. With computer games as far as I know! Playing them can be alot of fun, but for me it's more of an external experience as opposed to getting 'lost' in my own make believe world. Still that could be because I'm old 40's.

You are right, computer games are fine if part of the mix. The problem is when that's all there is, which seems increasingly common. Of course people said the same about television, probably with some truth. I expect television has contributed to less reading. But we can't go back, balance is the key. Television shows are entirely consumptive as they give you all the visual and narrative information and you do not interact with them directly at all some good shows will be a little creative as they will encourage anticipation and discussion of the upcoming plots.

Books give you the narrative information but not the visual information, and so they are a mix of both but more towards the consumptive end. Most videogames are more consumptive than books, because even though they are interactive and thus the gamer has input into the narrative , most games have predetermined outcomes that can only be superficially changed by the gamer. I think you are right about balance being important - I don't think one can really be creative without having consumed a lot of the medium that they are trying to be creative in.

Well said. Imparting moral lessons can be done via any form of media film is very effective at accomplishing this. For the academic benefits that children enjoy by having parents frequently read importantly, they don't need to read to the kids for this benefit, just reading themselves helps , books are important though. As to "humanising" children, which presumably means instilling progressive values and empathy in them, the choice of material is important I disagree. I have never seen a person who suffered from not playing enough computer games, or watching enough TV. But I have seen lots of people who suffer from having read too few books.

Quite simply, you learn by excercising your brain. Reading a book, you have to sit back and actively observe a situation. You have to store large amounts of information and analyse it. Like Scout's father said, you have to walk in other people's shoes. You have to have patience. These are all important skills. Computer games tend to focus on decision making, and use completely different skills. Quite simply, they are not a substitute for reading.

Likewise, TV and films by the virtue of the media have to be very selective in what they show. Read a book and watch the film adaption knows that the book is far more detailed, subtle and nuanced. Moreover, you can passively watch a movie or TV show, but you have to actively read a book. That depends on your own values though surely Barry. I am a bookworm AND a gamer. I suffer from an excess of both, and while I consider myself to be highly literate and good at critical thinking, I am woefully underskilled to engage in most practical tasks around the house repairs etc.

I think a person is perfectly able to develop a comprehensive set of skills without reading. Its just that they might not match the skills that you consider important. I learned a lot of what I know of the macro view of world history from the Civilization series. And this is a history major talking. Now if only they could get the micro right and come up with a decent combat system. But I guess thats what the Total War series is for.

Cant comment on the computer game experience because I personally do not play them so wouldnt know. The tactile book does have relevance to me. When I wish to remember something I tend to see the book and roughly where I am finding information. From there I see a diagram on a page and then the concept as I rework it on paper.

I do not get that with ebooks. The physical helps me place it but I am talking technical reading. Of course thats just me. Too right Haderak, I've long argued with my librarian Mother that it's the message not the medium that matters. I would rather watch a good film, it's just as engaging as a good book and very effective at requiring a couple of hours of concentration.

I have not eschewed books completely but nowadays an audio book in the car is very entertaining and time effective too. The my medium is better than your medium argument is utterly pointless. Except playing videogames doesn't provide kids with as universal a skill as reading and writing. I say this as a gamer who regularly gets sucked into the compelling narratives of videogames well, some of them are compelling. Nah, computer games are actually better than books for considering moral issues.

Books can involve readers in the experiences and dilemmas of characters by detailing lots of senses, using the first person, good writing and detailing characters' thinking; in computer games, players can determine all choices of characters, spend many days with those characters, then see the consequences of those choices. The realities of these choices are as real as the tears of children when their characters die. Moral choices in video games usually just amount to cookie cutter 'Press X to be a good guy, press Y to be a bad guy. In Mass Effect 3 the only difference is the colour rinse of the final cut scene Books offer a much greater chance to show the impact of moral decisions precisely because they can detail the characters thinking, actions and behaviour in ways that cannot be displayed on screen in a video game.

I've read the Bible, the Book of Mormon or book or moron as I call it , the Koran, the Talmud, and many other various religious texts, mostly out of a curious facination, but deep distrust and dislike, of all religions. I've devoured the Viking Myths, Roman Tales and anything Egyptian I can get my hands on, including a complete as possible phsyical copy printed and professionally bound by yours truely of the Book of the Dead. I can honestly say one doesn't need to do as I have to know it's all man-made and designed to control the masses, but there are still some good moral lessons to be learnt from the tales within.

If that's all you are reading those books for, then that's perfectly fine, much like reading Mein Kampf or trying to say the Tales of J. Rowling or Anne Rice are your Bible Sounds as if too few of the Biblical parables were read to politicians. As I remember it, the Good Samaritan was about the duty of charity being avoided by conventional figures of piety, but carried out by a member of an ostracised group in Roman Palestine.

But then maybe it's just that the parable is being used as a form of moral aggression by this author, and we're not meant to think that it could apply to us in our current lives. Somehow you detected "moral aggression"? I must brush up on my comprehension skills. As for your point re the Good Samaritan, I think you may be alluding to our treatment of refugees. Luckily I can tell you that Australia is a leading participant in refugee resettlement worldwide. We take tens of thousands of refugees from UN camps in various areas and provide them not only with the necessities of life but also with permanent residency and often citizenship.

I am sure you will be glad to hear this. Of course there are others who try to breach our immigration laws and insist that they take the place of those in the camps, but that is not a matter of charity and love but of effective administration. The parable was in response to Jesus saying 'Love thy neighbour' and a follow up question of 'who is your neighbour? By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies.

Learning to read is learning how to live

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Wicks , , , Third Edition brings acclaimed textthoroughly up to date with the latestorganic coatings technologyOrganic Coatings, Third Edition is an unparalleled reference and text for organic coatings technology and its myriad applications. It begins with discussions of key principles of coatings, then thoroughly explores raw materials, physical concepts, formulations, and applications. Scientists, engineers, and paint formulators all gain a deeper understanding of the principles underlying the technology and learn how to use these principles in the development, production, and application of organic coatings.

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In addition, the authors have developed new material to make the text more accessible for scientists and engineers first entering the field, as well as for students taking coatings courses. Shackleton Bear follows his famous namesake, Ernest Shackleton, and experiences the wonders of the subantarctic islands, the Southern Ocean and Antarctica. Morrow , , , Weymark , , , This collection of thirteen essays on social ethics and normative economics honouring Serge-Christophe Kolm's seminal contributions to this field addresses the following questions: How should the public sector price its production and services?

What are the normative foundations of criteria for comparing distributions of riches and advantages? How should intergenerational social immobility and inequality in circumstances be measured? What is a fair way to form partnerships? How vulnerable to manipulation is the Lindahl rule for allocating public goods? Would the addition of EU-level income taxes enhance equity? How should we compare different scenarios for future societies with different population sizes? How can domain conditions in social choice theory be justified using Kolm's epistemic counterfactuals?

How can Kolm's distributive liberal contract be implemented? What are the implications of norms of reciprocity for the organization of society? The answers to these questions give major insight into the state-of-the-art of social ethics and normative economics and are thus an indispensable source for researchers in both of these fields. The Next Exit , Mark Watson , , , The most complete Interstate Highway exit directory ever printed.

Lists gas, food, lodging and many other travel services located at USA Interstate Highway exits in the contiguous 48 states. Enjoy the healthier life! Take just one weekend with top nutrition coach Suzi Grant's programme at your side and kickstart the slim, fit and vital new you. Follow the simple detox and preparation techniques and then decide which two- week plan is right for you - a detox diet for weight loss that restores and renews, a safe and healthy high-protein diet and Suzi's Smoothies for the quick and easy option.

And with easy yoga exercises to tone up, it's time to look and feel great whatever the season. Includes: Unique Smoothie recipe that aids weight loss Simple lists of energizing and cleansing foods How to fit the plan into the rest of your life Social Accounting and Audit: The Manual, John Pearce, Alan Kay , , , Micro computing in British planning education, Ian Masser, Gillian Teet , , , Co-operation, Conflict and Consensus: B.

L'America, Martha McPhee , , , In the brilliant Greek sunshine of a small Aegean island, Beth and Cesare meet-and thus begins a transformative love affair that spans two continents, two decades, and two lifetimes. Cesare is a cosseted Italian boy, raised in a prosperous town where his family has lived for five hundred years; Beth, an ambitious American dreamer born to hippies and raised on a commune.

The events of September 11 serve as a catalyst for the unfolding of their story, in which passion struggles against the inexorable force of patria. An examination of the intersection between Europe and America, the old and the new, L'America is above all a remarkable evocation of the dizzying, life-changing power of first love. The novel of the American in Europe has a long and lustrous pedigree. Now Martha McPhee joins the ranks of its most impressive practitioners. IBS is one of our nation's most untalked-about ailments, but millions of people - mostly women - suffer from the debilitating condition, one that must be controlled primarily through diet.

Contrary to what may sufferers believe, eating for IBS does not mean deprivation, never going to restaurants, boring food, or an unhealthily limited diet. It does mean cutting out such trigger foods as red meat, dairy, most fats, caffeine, alcohol, and insoluble fiber. Heather Van Vorous, who has suffered from IBS since age 9 and gradually learned how to control her IBS symptoms through dietary modifications, collects here recipes she has created over 20 years.

IBS sufferers will be thrilled to discover that they can enjoy traditional homestyle cooking, ethnic foods, rich desserts, snacks, and party foods - and don't have to cook weird or special meals for themselves while their families follow a "normal" diet. In this novel a man's life is portrayed backwards, from death to birth, as are some of the scenes - for example, sex begins with climax, moves through foreplay and exhausts itself on flirtation.

The plot is about a doctor whose story begins with his death. Shortlisted for the Booker Prize. Hospitals: Facilities Planning and Management, G. Kunders , , , This book is a complete resource for those who are keen to understand the basics as well as the complexities of managing a hospital well. It has lots of ideas for the architect, who conceives of a viable plan for the hospital. It addresses the various issues which must be kept in mind by consultants, planners and administrators who subsequently run the hospital. Prison Humor, Walter Allen , , , Enabling power: Pensions Act , ss.

Issued: Made: Laid: Coming into force: Effect: S. Stuart , , , This memoir of a young gringo's assimilation into the exotic street life of a bustling port on Mexico's Sea of Cortez is an eye-opening account of the area's working-class life. After months of anthropological field work in late s Ecuador, David Stuart returns to Guaymas with broken bones and a broken heart, finding comfort in the cafs and nightspots along the waterfront. There he reveals his failings to people whose lingua franca is the simple wisdom of listening and understanding.

The loyal barmen and taxi drivers adopt him into their tight-knit circle, helping him ride out the devastation of betrayal by a woman who is carrying another man's child. Dubbed El Gero "Whitey" on the street, Stuart drifts intola movida, the Mexican world of hustlers, politicians, police officials, businessmen, and street urchins. A headstrong shoeshine girl, Lupita, becomes hismandadera messenger and then his confidante and junior business partner, working her magic by bribing customs officials and making deals for tires, fans, blenders, and otherfayuca contraband.

A scrawny eleven-year- old, she is not just street-brilliant but complicated and utterly fascinating. This vivid, haunting portrait of a world many Americans have visited but few understand, is a unique examination of what Mexico means to one American and what America means to the everyday Mexican people who surround and protect him. This book covers the lives and times of Carl, Big Earl, and Bernie Shelton, who were Kingpins of racketeering in downstate Illinois from the 's through the late 's.

House of Commons. It explores the themes of forgiveness, male relationships and mentoring. Is Anyone There? Arnold, Carol Arnold , , , This leader's guide provides helpful questions and answers for anyone leading a group through the book, Great words, by Jack L. Also good if you are studying this book alone. It is a test of the tolerance that is essential for the continued habitation of this world. The news that the Reflections series was to cease publication prompted an unprecedented outpouring of support from readers and retailers alike. This seasonal extract from the first new annual edition is designed to give new readers a taster of the high standard of spiritual and theological writing that has made Reflections so popular.

It also provides attractively priced quality daily Bible reading notes for every day of the most holy season of the Christian year. Favourite contributors from the team of writers who made Reflections so popular offer inspiration for every day excluding Sundays of Lent and Holy Week.

For each day there are full references and a quotation from the day's set of Scripture readings, challenging commentary on the readings and a collect. In future years, Reflections will be published in May for the coming church year. Stiff Upper Lip, Jeeves, , P. Wodehouse , , , The Collector's Wodehouse series continues --three more sparkling classics from the master of hijinks and social comedy P.

Wodehouse is recognized as the greatest English comic writer of the twentieth century. Launched on the twenty-fifth anniversary of his death, each Overlook Wodehouse is the finest edition of the master's work ever published. When Bertie embarks on a helpful mission to Totleigh Towers, things get quickly out of control, and he needs all the help Jeeves can provide.

There are good eggs present, such as Gussie Fink-Nottle. But there also is Sir Watkyn Bassett J. Groundwater, John A. Cherry, R. Allan Freeze, Sudicky , , X, The Vintner's Luck, Elizabeth Knox , , , Burgundy, They meet again every year on the midsummer anniversary of the date. Village life goes on, meanwhile, with its affairs and mysteries, marriages and murders, and the vintages keep improving - though the horror of the Napoleonic wars and into the middle of the century, as science marches on, viticulture changes, and gliders fly like angels. Longlisted for the Orange Prize for Fiction.

Nightflowers, Neera Scott, Narelle Sebastian , , , Chopping down the cherry trees: a portrait of Britain in the eighties, Linda Christmas , , , Her Touch, Thoughts of Italy, C. R Anders , ,. Gods of the Egyptians , Volume 2, E. Wallis Budge , , , Lavishly illustrated with plates and line drawings. The Egyptian hieroglyphs are translated, and actual excerpts in hieroglyph abound in this scholarly work.

Maltenfort , , X, Design Manual for Roads and Bridges: Vol. Dated August A linguistic history of Italian, Martin Maiden , , , A Linguistic History of Italian offers a clear and concise explanation of why modern Italian grammar has become the way it is. It focuses on the effects of historical changes on the modern structure of Italian, revealing patterns and structures which are not always apparent to those who are only familiar with modern Italian.

Although the book concentrates on the internal history of the language, the emergence of Italian is considered against the wider background of the history of the Italian dialects, and other external factors such as cultural and social influences are also examined. Surveys of current research are included, covering a wide range of phenomena recently brought to light or re-evaluated. Particular attention is paid to the influence of other Romance dialects, the linguistic effects of Italian becoming a literary rather than a spoken language, and structural variations which have resulted from the acquisition of the language by a predominantly dialect-speaking population.

Containing clearly presented examples, the book is designed to be accessible to those with no knowledge of Italian itself. It will therefore appeal to students of general linguistics, history linguistics, and Romance linguistics, as well as those studying Italian. It is the only major 'internal' history of Italian currently available in English. Parliament House of Commons , , , Edward Good , , X, The Discourses, Niccol Machiavelli , , , Few figures in intellectual history have proved as notorious and ambiguousas Niccolo Machiavelli.

But while his treatise The Prince made his name synonymous with autocratic ruthlessness and cynical manipulation, The Discourses c. In this carefully argued commentary on Livy's history ofrepublican Rome, Machiavelli proposed a system of government that would uphold civic freedom and security by instilling the virtues of active citizenship, and that would also encourage citizens to put the needs of the state above selfish, personal interests. Ambitious in scope, but also clear- eyed and pragmatic, The Discourses creates a modern theory of republic politics.

Leslie J. Walker's definitive translation has been revised by Brian Richardson and is accompanied by an introduction by Bernard Crick, which illuminates Machiavelli's historical context and his new theories of politics. This edition also includes suggestions for further reading and notes.

Adler , , X, Cam and Eric's gym teacher, Mr. Day, has just had his office walls painted. But, Cam notices that his walls aren't the only thing that's different--his tennis trophy is missing! Who could have taken it? Could this tricky tennis mystery just be a big misunderstanding? Say "click" with Cam Jansen as she begins collecting clues. After twenty-three years, Cam Jansen is still a favorite character, making new fans with each new title. Things never quite go as planned on any of Tim's voyages. His new friend Lucy and her guardian Mr. Grimes are delighted when the enterprising five-year-old proposes they buy a boat and head out to sea.

While cruising on the beautiful yacht Evangeline, they quickly fall into the clutches of villainous mutineers. First published between and , Edward Ardizzone's Little Tim books have been loved by generations of children for their spirited adventures and enchanting narrative from a storyteller who spoke straight to young readers' imaginations. The optics of nonimaging concentrators: light and solar energy, W. Welford, Roland Winston , , , Cooper , , , Cascio , , X, This text integrates psychological theory with tools and methods for the workplace.

It presents a model of scientific procedure and fundamental theory that will help students develop a solid foundation of related knowledge. It also updates information on the political and interpersonal issues in performance appraisal and presents the practical implications of the latest legal and scientific developments in the use of drug screening.

The book also discusses rulings and implications of recent civil rights cases decided by the Supreme Court, in the areas of affirmative action, preferential selection, seniority and performance appraisal, and explores areas such as the impact of computers on recruitment. There is also coverage of ethical issues in human resource management - computer monitoring of employees, and employee privacy. The tools and techniques necessary for great digital output are now readily available and more affordable than ever.

This fun and fact-filled question and answer book is for residents of Arizona as well as visitors to the Grand Canyon State. It includes questions and answers about amusing and fascinating information about the state of Arizona ranging from a town called Why to an original Diamondbacks owner who is also an avid Yankee fan to Muhammad Ali. It is informative without being a formal guidebook. In the book, you will learn about buttes and mountains, bridges and rivers, man-made lakes, trails, vacation spots, and famous people who chose Arizona as a home. Its unique format sets it above other trivia and fact books about the Grand Canyon State.

The book also contains "Just the Facts from A to Z" - the easy way to learn the state's basics and "Timeout at the Oasis," an AZ game to amuse and challenge readers. Standing Committee C. The Son of the Streets, Terrence Baker , , , Tea is a young ambitious boy who started his life off with limited options. He grows up to realize that his father will never be a part of his life, and then he finds out that his father didn't even believe that he was his son. That was hard for Tea, but what was even harder was when he lost his mother and the only hope that he had left of ever understanding what the word "love" really meant.

Left to be raised by the hard Indiana streets and destined to fail, Tea learned the tricks and the trades of sex, money, murder, and how to survive with nothing but the very streets that he sleeps on from time to time. Life is short on the streets; Tea's only escape from this nightmare is when he dreams of death. Will Tea come out of the trenches of the hard knocks life, or will he just become another statistic? Durance, Jason Morningstar , , , This approach not only enhances learning but also makes learning enjoyable since students get to play lawyer.

At the outset of each chapter, a complex problem is presented in the form of a memo to a law clerk working in a variety of settings reporting to a public defender, prosecutor, judge or private criminal defense attorney.

The problem is followed by the research tools--relevant cases and statutes--necessary to solve the problem. Notes follow many cases, suggesting to students how the cases might be used to analyze the problem. They also contain summaries of recent cases which may give students a broader perspective on how courts are handling the issues raised by the main cases. This book focuses on criminal procedure under the United States Constitution. Cases are edited sparingly, and many dissents and concurring opinions are included.

The cases are presented in chronological order within a topic so that students can see how doctrines or laws developed historically. This eBook features links to Lexis Advance for further legal research options. Coram Boy, Helen Edmundson , , , A heartbreaking tale of orphans, angels, murder and music - dramatised from the Whitbread award-winning novel set in 18th-century England.

Winner of the Time Out Live Award for Best Play In 18th-century Gloucestershire, the evil Otis Gardner preys on unmarried mothers, promising to take their babies and their money to Thomas Coram's hospital for foundling children. Instead, he buries the babies and pockets the loot.

But Otis's downfall is set in train when his half-witted son Meshak falls in love with a young girl, Melissa, and rescues the unwanted son she has had with a disgraced aristocrat. The child is brought up in Coram's hospital, and proves to have inherited the startling musical gifts of his father - gifts that ultimately bring about his father's redemption and a heartbreaking family reunion. Award-winning designers share their latest "ground-breaking" designs for annual reports, brochures, book jackets, catalogs, magazines and more.

Horizons is an innovative, basic skills program for adult learners reading at grade levels , who are on the GED track. Designed to stimulate interest and retention, Horizons combines carefully paced instruction with real-life and workplace references. Henderson , , , A beautiful young woman is entombed alive as a sacrifice to angry gods A young priest embarks upon a desperate flight across a hostile landscape deep in the heart of Atlantis In the possession of each, a sacred crystal skull.

Over , years ago, 13 crystal skulls were brought to Earth from the distant star systems of our galaxy. Their purpose? To watch over the evolution of human consciousness. Today they lie hidden and forgotten, scattered across our world. Waiting for the time when they will be brought together again to lead humankind into a new golden age. With her life falling to pieces around her, Gemma Mason's sleep is increasingly disturbed by vivid dreams of crystal skulls, extraterrestrial beings and the ancient temples of Atlantis.

Dreams that tell stories of adventure, heartbreak and danger. Of courage, loss, sacrifice and love where the future of the human race itself is at stake. Stories that contain vital messages for us at this point in our history. As they unfold, Gemma realises she has been chosen to share a secret that will have repercussions for the whole of humankind.

Reluctantly she accepts her destiny and finds herself plunged into the forgotten history of an unknown world where myth and legend suddenly become irrefutably real. It is a journey that calls into question everything Gemma has ever believed to be true and demands that she faces her own deepest fears.

For she is being asked to share with the world the shocking secret of our forgotten past, a secret that will change forever the way we look at ourselves and our place in the universe. But are we ready to hear such a truth? Lost Legacy contains the history of two of these sacred crystal skulls. Travelling from the dense humidity of the rainforest to the desert lands of North America, from frozen Arctic wastelands to the cities and mountain ranges of Atlantis, past and present are seamlessly woven together in a rollercoaster ride of emotion and adventure.

Lost Legacy is the first book in The Skull Chronicles series, a global adventure of epic proportions. Reviews: 'What a page turner I couldn't put it down. Loon Song, Marcia Wakeland , , , This Statistical Appendix report was prepared by staff from the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with Comoros. The Appendix covers economic and financial statistics and has a summary of the tax system of Comoros.

Life on Earth, Bruce E. Byers, Gerald Audesirk, Teresa Audesirk , , , Report on the Census of Production, , , , Com Final, Brussels, In this seminal treatise, Peter J. Leithart argues that the coming of the New Creation in Jesus Christ has profound and revolutionary implications for social order, implications symbolized and effected in the ritual of baptism. In Christ and Christian baptism, the ancient distinctions between priest and non-priest, between patrician and plebian, are dissolved, giving rise to a new humanity in which there is no Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female.

Yet, beginning in the medieval period, the church has blunted the revolutionary force of baptism, and reintroduced antique distinctions whose destruction was announced by the gospel. Leithart calls the church to renew her commitment to the gospel that offers priesthood to the plebs. Pendulum to the Past, Landis Potter , , , Chris, a young man, stands next to an elderly grounds keeper, in an old Virgina cemetery.

He is telling a remarkable story of the connection of two graves that lay before them. Chris' father, Ben, a retired deputy sheriff, was seriously wounded while employed as a security guard for a very high end research institute. Due to his serious, dimensioning condition, he is used in an experiment that produces strange, unexpected results which subsequently changes the lives of those around him.

No one could know the journey Ben would take until almost a year later when the experiment comes to a crescendo that led to unbelievable discoveries. Hes mad because things have gone from bad to worse, in politics, in Hollywood, in every social stratum of the nation. True to its title, The No-Spin Zone cuts through all the rhetoric that some of OReillys most infamous guests have spewed to expose whats really on their minds, while sharing plenty of his own emphatic counterpoints along the way.

Shining a searing spotlight on public figures from President George W. Examining sex and violence in the media and the tarnished legacy of the Clintons with the same feistiness as the death penalty which he opposes and timid national news organizations that roll over for the powerful, Bill OReilly delivers not only his opinions, but the documented attitudes of the countrys movers and shakers as well. And thats fact, not spin. From the Hardcover edition. The Comic Eye, Mark Innes , , , Comics about comics!

The Comic Eye is a unique collection of 50 biographical and fictional comic strips by 50 talented comic makers. The theme of each strip is comics, making, comics, favorite comics, or why the creator has a passion for the medium. Go Bananas! Cookbook, Alana Berry , , , Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Preview — Luval by Maggie Kirton. Luval, an incidental study of the bizarre and atypical realm of family dysfunction, reminds all who mock Agatha's world to be wary during family feasts: not everything on the table top is what it appears to be.

Bringing her away from her comfo Luval, an incidental study of the bizarre and atypical realm of family dysfunction, reminds all who mock Agatha's world to be wary during family feasts: not everything on the table top is what it appears to be. Bringing her away from her comfort zone of YA fiction and fairy tales, Luval offers a new and captivating style of writing and storytelling and will not be the last we see of this genre from Kirton.

A second work in the horror species entitled "Black River Shutes" will be released in the fall of More books by Maggie Kirton available exclusively at Amazon!