Canadians in the American Civil War: Extracts from the Niagara Mail and St. Catharines Journal

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Contents

  1. BC Historical Books
  2. Language selection
  3. The Fenian Invasion
  4. Canadian News Online

Reheat over medium heat until steaming, then proceed with Step 4. The longer and slower they are cooked, the richer and deeper the flavor of the soup. The length of time to brown can take longer; it all depends on the size and the shape of the saucepan. In a large saucepan, melt butter over low heat. Add vegetable oil and onions; cook, stirring occasionally, for about 15 minutes or until soft and transparent. Stir in sugar and cook, stirring frequently, for 50 to 60 minutes or until onions are deep golden brown. Stir in sorghum flour and cook, stirring constantly, for 3 minutes.

Gradually stir in beef broth and bring to a boil. Reduce heat to medium-low and simmer, stirring occasionally, for 30 minutes. Meanwhile, preheat broiler. Place ovenproof bowls on a baking sheet. Divide soup among bowls. Evenly top each bowl with bread cubes and sprinkle with Swiss cheese and Parmesan cheese. Broil until cheeses are bubbly and lightly browned. SHOP LOCAL More and more consumer habits have been shifting and what has become apparent as we are afforded the luxury of being able to choose between so many retail options whether it be online, department stores or outlet malls small business is thriving.

For those who want a tangible experience, something unique, handmade or just love to holiday browse at their leisure - look no further than these small local businesses in the Niagara Region. Call us at: Our Store is fi lled with more than just jewellery. We have antiques and collectibles. We buy and sell gold. Reasonable prices and lay-a-way. Call us at Catharines ON gwensteas. We have tea for every taste with no artificial flavours or colours.

Pair your selection with a variety of teaware, from traditional to whimsical, and create a custom gift basket. Escape the mall and enjoy a cup in our charming new location! You will be happy to view over gowns in a beautiful store, many at tremendous savings - and their stylists are legendary! Chocolates for all occasions. Custom and corporate orders welcome. A full gift shop, including clothing, complimented by our fresh, rich, delicious Belgian chocolates.


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Tantalize your senses and enjoy the ultimate chocolate shopping experience. Give us a call at Visit us Dec. We customize made-in-Canada furniture, lamps, abstract art, and scripted cushions. Curated Living is a lifestyle boutique nestled in the lovely St. Davids village of Niagara-on-the-Lake.

Design your dream garden, get creative with our hands-on workshops or find that perfect gift for a special someone. Knowledgeable, friendly garden consultants will guide you to add natural beauty to your home or business for every season. A graduate from the Culinary Management program at George Brown College, Beaubien has always felt at home in the kitchen. With a talent and love for baking pastries, Beaubien also has fond memories baking apple pies with his grandmother.

With popular menu items like Asian Chicken Salad and Insalata Daniella, the menu offers a varied selection aimed to surprise and please the palate. With a Gemelli pasta in pesto sauce invented by Beaubien and a Smoked Provolone Burger, the creativity from the kitchen shines. Customers get a view into the kitchen and a chance to watch Beaubien in action with the open concept kitchen: a glass wall that separates the dining hall from the staff working on the line.

Especially the ones we created. Our chicken wings are baked in a skillet with rosemary, olive oil,. Cherry cheesecake is always on the menu and the rest change with the seasons. Strada West is a place where people can come together for any occasion. Strada West also mentors high school and college students in culinary skills. Now he embraces the area and is proud to call it home.

Those very words quicken the heartbeat and ignite the imagination. Images immediately flash through the mind: gold coins, buccaneers, wooden chests. It was back in that three young men exploring the island discovered a curious depression in the ground at the base of an old oak tree that showed evidence of having been used as part of a block and tackle operation. Digging brought to light a filled-in shaft with wooden platforms around every ten feet. After reaching some twenty-five feet, the frustrated excavators gave up.

Something, very possibly a treasure of some kind, had been buried there but obviously reaching it was not going to be easy. Since then a number of expeditions have spent vast amounts of money, time and effort to reach the bottom of the pit, all to no avail. A series of tunnels connecting the pit with the nearby ocean has been an issue that has greatly complicated the work. In , a submarine TV camera was lowered nearly two hundred feet into the shaft. It revealed faint images of three chests, a pick and a severed human hand.

BC Historical Books

Niagara has had buried treasure tales as well. One such story took place. Now all but vanished, this little community is located along Lyons Creek, around the intersection of Montrose Road and Schisler Road in what is now a rural area within the City of Niagara Falls, Ontario. White Pigeon came into being primarily to serve those involved in this industry. It soon became a stagecoach stop as well. A number of businesses appeared, including an inn, a livery stable and a blacksmith shop.

The lumberjacks began to call her the white pigeon. The name was soon applied to the inn and then to the community itself. Now known as the War of , this conflict was to have a profound and devastating impact on the Niagara area. One afternoon during the early months of the war, a stranger arrived at the White Pigeon Inn. After nightfall, he was observed leaving the inn carrying the chest. He was gone some time and when he returned in the morning, he no longer had the chest. He then boarded a stage coach - and was never seen again. Around a century later, the owner of the property where the inn had once stood happened to visit a fortune teller.

After gazing into her crystal ball, she became very excited, telling the man that there was a box or chest hidden on his property that contained a fortune in gold coin. After hearing this, the man started a search along Lyons Creek. However, after several years of effort, during which many holes and pits were dug, no gold was found. A few years earlier another treasure hunt had taken place in Niagara. On June 8, , E. Crandall , Eugene Van Dusen and a Col. Lockwood, all of Saginaw, Michigan, arrived at a hotel in Queenston,, a small Ontario community alongside the Niagara River, some seven miles below the great Falls of Niagara.

From the beginning their actions were somewhat mysterious. They frequently stopped people on the streets and asked them questions about the area. In addition, they were often seen examining what appeared to be a map. After a few days, the three men were observed making their way to what is known as the Niagara Glen, a natural paradise of rocks and trees in the Niagara River Gorge, just upstream from Queenston. Even though the spot was difficult to reach and was infested with rattlesnakes at the time, the men made several trips there and seemed delighted with each visit.

They claimed it had been sent from England during the War of as pay for British soldiers stationed in Canada. Just after the ship carrying the valuable cargo reached Queenston, several members of the crew stole the chest containing the gold. Years later a map somehow came to life that showed the hijackers had buried their loot on the first plateau or terrace lying upstream from Queenston Heights on the Canadian side.

All work took place at night. Despite efforts of secrecy, their actions continued to create curiosity, especially with a certain U. After spying on the men for a number of nights from the opposite side of the river, he became convinced that they were opium smugglers. He was also very anxious to discover what was in a large trunk the four men were seen carrying out of the hotel each night and bringing back the following morning.

It was many days before he found out that the trunk contained, not opium, but 50 small canvas sacks in which the treasure seekers expected to carry away the gold when they found it. But, after three weeks digging at the site, no gold was found. The visitors then took off for another treasure hunt somewhere in Virginia.

While doing so, however, he broke his promise of secrecy and told the story to a newspaper reporter from Niagara Falls, New York. Just as there was no gold along the banks of Lyons Creek at White Pigeon and no treasure has been found at least so far on Oak Island, there was no gold in the Glen. Growing up in the Southern Ontario town of Brantford, a young Wayne Gretzky rejoiced in the traditions of wintertime in Canada such as playing a game of hockey, followed by warming up with hot chocolate by the fire.

Celebrating the first winter since its inauguration in , Wayne Gretzky Estates Winery and Distillery, invites you and your family to join the magic at the property this snowy season. During the official ground-breaking ceremony in , The Great One himself dropped a loonie into the centre of the outdoor water feature, which is transformed into a skating rink for visitors to enjoy over the winter.

The wines and whiskies keep the award-winning quality of Andrew Peller Ltd. The Great One himself takes a keen interest in the property, facilities, and production of the wines and whiskies Wayne Gretzky Estates creates, sharing a personal relationship with both Craig McDonald and Joshua Beach, his Head Winemaker and Master Distiller. Prior to his position with Wayne Gretzky Estates Joshua owned a distillery in Vancouver with a partner.

We have the ability to showcase our products on the market. As the estate has both a winery and distillery on site, there is a lot of valuable synergy between the two programs. He came from an agricultural background, growing up in rural Australia in a region called Sunraysia.

As he has a long-standing relationship with Wayne, the flavours are representative of what you would expect to be served by Wayne Gretzky himself. In fact when we met, he seemed to take more of an interest in me! He is extremely proud of his wine. Open daily, the Whisky Patio Bar invites visitors to enjoy. Try a gourmet soup or chili this winter, followed by a cup of hot chocolate by the ice rink. The dinners are prepared by Executive Chef Frank Dodd. Each course is paired with one wine and one whisky cocktail, and the interactive experience allows guests to vote on which beverage accompanies each course best.

The outdoor party will feature a DJ and dancing, skating on the outdoor rink, interactive games, delicious whisky-inspired food, and wine and whisky cocktails to enjoy by the cozy heat-lamps and fire pits on the Whisky Bar patio. Members receive monthly shipments of wine or a whisky cocktail kit, discounted tastings, tours and events at the estate, plus many more exclusive offers throughout the year. Why settle for ordinary, when you can have extraordinary! We offer a wide variety of delicious gift-giving options for everyone on your list — even the hard to buy for.

From chocolate-covered candy poles, figures of Christmas trees, Santas and Christmas stockings, to decadent boxed chocolates and customized gift baskets. We also offer store-made kettle products: Fudge, Rockypop and Seafoam. That would be crazy though, right? A boudoir shoot is a fabulous way to embrace your body, feel sexy, and be proud of who you are! Perhaps as a present to yourself or your sweetheart?

It makes for a wonderful gift. So, start with a consultation, view some images, and figure out the style you like as well as your comfort level in front of the lens. Bring a friend to the shoot. Select a music list. Haskell says all these little things lead to a successful and comfortable photo shoot.

Remember your end game! A single canvas wall portrait, calendar, perhaps a beautiful leather-bound book in a keepsake box, or other clever gift ideas. This studio of professionals is ready to deliver. Guen from Haskell Photography is quick to point out that for the holiday season or any occasion do not wait to the last minute. Happy Sexy Holidays! Are you ready to make-up with your metabolism? Take a slow, deep breath. Become aware of your thoughts and surroundings and quiet the chaos that lives in your mind and environment for the next few minutes.

I work with patients everyday who feel exhausted, overwhelmed, and overworked. The never-ending to-do list, the over-packed schedule, the newest dietary and fitness trends, the late nights; essentially, the constant pressure to work more and sleep less. All of these day-to-day stressors are grinding down our system, exceeding the normal healthy limits of function. This way of living is perpetuating our stress response, making us overweight, unhappy, and uncertain as to how we can fix it. We cannot change the stressors we have, but we can change how we respond to those stressors.

One of my goals is to educate my patients on the elements of life that have the greatest impact on their health, as well as helping them to establish the steps required to achieve and maintain the optimum health that they are seeking. Diet and exercise are important, but they are not the only determinants of health. Well-tuned circadian rhythm, adequate sleep, appropriate stress management, attitudes and beliefs your mindset , environmental exposures, what you put on your skin, time spent outdoors in nature and being part of a strong social group are also extremely important factors to consider and attend to when we are seeking vibrant health.

The underlying cause of obesity is both a hormonal AND caloric imbalance. More importantly, it damages the metabolism. In this down regulated state, fat burning potential is low. A metabolic approach focuses on you, and your unique physiology. It goes beyond weight loss, and includes: enhanced muscle mass, increased fat loss different from weight loss , improved insulin sensitivity, balanced blood sugar, and hormone optimization.

Your metabolism needs TLC! I admit that the discipline and consistency needed to stay on track can be hard in this day and age. We are overworked, stressed and we have every guilty pleasure at our fingertips when we are tired and our will power is low. The right approach, ideally under the care of a qualified medical professional, restores and rebalances hormones, which is essential to achieving long-term body composition changes. Insulin, cortisol, thyroid and the adrenals are all important considerations when it comes to fat loss. The harmony of the whole system and all of its messengers hormones is the key to lasting health.

Without enough sleep we wake up hungrier and craving carbohydrates. A calm, positive mindset is key to access more willpower and overall wellbeing. Lifting weights will build or maintain muscle mass to keep metabolism higher. Do not eat deep fried food or highly processed, heated polyunsaturated fatty acids PUFAs , which trigger responses like insulin resistance and inflammation. Consume omega-3 fatty acids, rich in DHA, which are essential for healthy mitochondrial membranes. If your cells are not functioning properly, you are not functioning properly.

Achieving optimal metabolic health is much easier when you have professional help and a map to know where you are starting from and where you want to go. Imagine your home, totally organized! Home Office. Not valid with any other offer. With incoming order, at time of purchace only. Expires January 25, This Festival is not intended to simply present concerts in tribute to Oscar Peterson, but rather to truly present jazz, showcasing the rich history and the future of the music Oscar loved.

The Festival will be dedicated to Norman Granz, celebrating the th anniversary of his birth. This concert will celebrate the centennial of another pianist whose legacy deserves recognition, Marian McPartland. The Oscar Peterson International Jazz Festival will showcase Canadian artists alongside artists of other nationalities, generating a diverse and vibrant repertoire. This will be an exciting and celebratory weekend, with opportunity to hear great jazz musicians in intimate settings, all in the picturesque Niagara region.

Special Event Inquiries experience megalomaniac. Consider buying a smaller gift and putting the bulk of your gift giving into an RESP contribution. Back in the day, grandparents often gave gold, bonds, or silver dollars as gifts. Today, you can invest in a GIC and choose the term for the child on your list. This gift will keep giving because it will earn interest and when the term is due, the child can reinvest the GIC and add to it with any allowance or birthday money that might come their way. You can also add to the investment each year. Give a kid money and help them learn to save that money for bigger items.

If you want to give to someone over 20 or over 20km away, a prepaid credit card is a great substitute for cash. Donate in their name to a local animal shelter. So many pets are purchased and then surrendered over the holiday season — donating food or money to a shelter can mean a better life for an abandoned animal. Wrap up a donation in a stuffed animal. Put it with a cute kitty photo. Personalize the donation and make a trip to the shelter together to see how your dollars made a difference.

Provide the fixings for a hot meal for a family that is new to Canada. You can give the gift of your time and service with the Out of the Cold program too over volunteers run the Out of the Cold Program seven days a week between November and March. If you do buy gifts, visit the Pen Centre wrapping station where Hospice Niagara will wrap them for you and all donations will help a great local organization.

By giving to local charities you have a chance to give the gifts of happiness and gratefulness to both the gift recipient and the organizations in need — double the giving and double the joy. Pinterest and the internet are full of ideas to inspire your crafty side and help you create something more meaningful than a store bought gift.

Homemade jellies and jams for those sweet and spicy people on your list.

Language selection

Essential oil infused bath salts for stressed out teachers. Cookie or baking mixes for your recipe-challenged friends. Holiday ornaments from the heart. Burning incense, rows of faded jeans, pink skulls, chunky jewelry, worn leather shoes; these are the funky, if not smelly, vintage clothing experiences of my memories. Cruise has class and sex appeal, which. Originally from St. Catharines, she is now in Toronto directing a trio of models for her newest collection.

Cruise is skilled at finding those. I am versed in digging in bins, trying to find really cool stuff. I go on runs every so often and spend hours hunting and then I have to spend hours mending later. Reclaiming the best of these clothes before they end up in a landfill is what Miss.

Cruise does best. Recycling clothes, you are reusing clothing. Wearing and buying vintage is eco-friendly. If this is saving the environment, count me in. Christine Daigle, professor of philosophy and Director of Post Humanism Research institute at Brock University when asked about vintage clothing. Documentaries like The True Cost and The Machinists on popular sites like Youtube and Netflix have increased our awareness of fast-fashion and headlines about factories in far-away places crashing or burning down on thousands of workers who are making our clothes may help with our buying decisions, but the numbers are still scary.

In North America, consumers are buying and discarding five times as much clothing as they did 25 years ago, reports Elizabeth Cline in her. What can an eco-conscious, fashion forward gal or boy do in this destructive fast fashion world? A sustainable wardrobe means many things. Popular vintage clothing sites like ETSY. As Miss. Cruise gently zips up the back of a long fitted black dress she explains how she not only researches the history of every piece but also touches up any odd thread.

Bigger jobs, I send to a tailor. They smile and pose and stroke the material, which is older than they are but just as fresh looking. Pieces from the forties or the fifties; I love that era, to think that someone in that era wore this…wow. I think of pieces and I get flashbacks of people in the seventies wearing this piece to a disco. Who wore it? If yours are alive, just peek into their closet.

The prices for vintage can vary radically depending on where you find it and how special the piece actually is. With the image of Christina Cruise jumping into bins of clothing floating before me, vintage enthusiasts can sit back and order secondhand luxury clothing through websites like etsy. Cruise do the dirty work of seeking out the best clothing for us. But if you find yourself becoming interested in vintage and end up looking for that one-of-a-kind item at.

Is it made in Canada or the US or in Asia? Is it well taken care of? Is it classic or will it be unfashionable in less than three wears? Is it made of a lasting fabric like a silk or a wool instead of synthetic? Does it make you unbelievably happy to wear it? These are the questions we might ask ourselves when we shop to get the most out of our clothing.

As the girls come together for one last shot on the wide orange sofa, candles flickering on the brick walls behind, lithe bodies dripping in elegance and sparkly blue sequence, the scene is as high fashion as they come. As they lounge, the stories of the clothes can almost be heard above the direction from the photographer.

Sign me up for saving the planet, one second-hand sparkly sequined dress at a time. He wears his patriotism on his sleeve and in his songs, and it is not hard to understand why. Canada has been very, very good to this homegrown country star. The song was inspired by the unabashed patriotism he witnessed in Nashville. I love to be able to know that everybody in the room feels like they have my attention. One of the most decorated artists in Canadian country music makes his Partridge Hall debut. As sweet as the delicious beverage is, the procedure to make it is sour, but in the end, the result for farmers is beautiful; and so, once a year we celebrate with a tribute to icewine.

Though the celebrations occur annually, every year there is new talent, new pairings, and new products from the local wine makers and culinary expertise at the Niagara Icewine Festival. Although icewine dates back to the later part of the 18th century in Germany, due to specific weather conditions, it can only consistently be produced in Canada. The process fascinates visitors, as icewine is derived from grapes which have been left outside to frost naturally. These frosted grapes can only be harvested at night time when the temperature has remained between -8 and degrees Celsius for twelve consecutive days.

Each grape produces only one drop of wine - hence why icewine is considerably more pricey and sold in smaller quantities than table wine. This year, a total of 35 wineries will participate, hosting visitors to their properties and demonstrating the talents from their vintners and chefs through competitions held throughout Niagara-on-The-Lake and Twenty Valley. Over the course of the festival, an array of events take place from casual tastings, to sophisticated dinners, to glamorous galas. Taking place in the Grand Hall of the Fallsview Casino Resort, the spacious venue is transformed into a magnificent ballroom with stunning decor, live entertainment and a dance floor.

This year all of the 35 wineries participating in the festival will proudly pour their finest VQA icewines and table wines, accompanied by stations of innovative food creations. Catharines to Grimsby. Jordan Village is transfigured into a European-style market with fire pits and outdoor art installations, showcasing over 35 food and craft beverage producers from the Niagara region.

Over the weekend of January 20thst, Queen Street is closed off so the public can explore the grounds of the Icewine Village. A second winter market, the Shop, Sip, Sample, and Savour occurs on the weekend of January 27thth, also in the Heritage District of Niagara-on-the-Lake, where local wineries and breweries sample their table wines and craft beers along with edible creations from signature kitchens.

The Sparkle and Ice Gala on January 19th invites guests to enjoy a tasteful evening of music and dining inside the beautiful Grand Hall at the Courthouse. Explore the unique charm each of each property you visit, and taste the featured icewines accompanied by an innovative gourmet culinary pairing. Check out the Discovery Pass Listings ahead of time to see which wineries offer a pour with a savoury or sweet treat which sounds the most intriguing. In past years, one host allowed their guests to toast their own icewine-infused marshmallow!

Mark January 12thth in your calendar and start planning your icewine experience. Visit niagarawinefestival. Tips for Serving Icewine: Icewine is always served chilled. It also complements rich, strongly flavoured foods such as aged cheese. Strain and top with club soda. Garnish with a frozen grape and serve in your favourite martini glass. Many studies report the positive effects that music has on individuals.

Whether playing an instrument in a band, singing in the shower, or tapping your toes in the audience, there is something to be said for the positive benefits to those who engage in musical activities.

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Todd Green has a passion for promoting the benefits of music. As a professor at Brock University he has been instrumental in determining the role of corporate responsibility and ethics in the arts and entertainment industries. One year ago, Todd Green spearheaded Choir Nation, a non-profit organization that gathers people together in song. The program offers a drop in program for individuals as well as corporate and group events.

Participants gather together to learn songs and perform them for an audience: usually on the same day. For corporate and business groups, this unique team building activity has led to more camaraderie in the workplace and increased confidence in the participants. Singers boast of the intrinsic benefits of taking a well deserved song break in the middle of the work day or conference.

It has been Green and his business partner, Mendelt D. Walker School of Fine and Performing Arts. Participants are bused to the program and a nutrition break is provided by Community Care.

The Fenian Invasion

With only 4 weeks of the program under his belt and already 43 participants between the ages of 7 and 17, the program is an overnight success. Green enjoys the energy in the room as heads bob up and down and toes tap to the music. It is not high pressure, it is the opposite of that.

They are having fun and relieving stress.

Canadian News Online

They are getting so much enjoyment out of the program. Catharines has been our pilot site. The big picture vision is to have one of these choirs in each major city in Canada. Ideally within years we would love to expand and have of these around the country. They turn my day around. Whatever your forte is or wherever your interest lies, there is likely an opportunity for you to help out in that capacity. Here are just a few examples of some opportunities to give back to the community during the merriest of seasons and hopefully beyond.

Adopt an Angel: toys and stocking stuffers are collected for children, fom babies to 12 years of age. Keep someone warm: donate hats, gloves, coats, boots or slippers, and help keep somebody warm. Adopt a family: your family can adopt a family in need, and help give them a wonderful Christmas. Fill A Holiday Barrel. This is a great initiative for companies, organizations, schools or apartment buildings. Each week you can collect a different type of donation toys, winter wear, hygiene products, food For information on all the different programs available at Community Care, visit, communitycarestca.

You can also make donations of in-kind items, some of their most needed items are: gifts for teenage girls, girls for teenage boys, gift cards, gifts for toddlers, pajamas, winter accessories and toiletries. More information is available at projectshare. This non for profit delivers nutritious meals to those in need and helps to foster independence.

Recipients of meals are usually elderly, have a chronic sickness, a physical disability, etc. Volunteer to be a meal delivery driver maybe even on Christmas eve or day Help out in various other capacities as well, such as with fundraising, PR or office work. Catharines and Welland.

How you can help: Volunteers are always needed to assist with special events and recreational programs such as their annual Christmas dinner. They can also always use donations of items such as hygiene products, healthy snacks, prepared meals, canned goods, office supplies, winter accessories such as hats and mitts and socks. Items can be dropped off at any time during business hours. There are many nursing homes throughout the Niagara Region, and many have numerous senior citizens who never get any visitors.

Spread some holiday cheer by going and chatting with the residents, or maybe volunteer to organize a social event…who knows what kind of new friends you will make! For a full listing of nursing homes in the Niagara Region, visit niagararegion. Volunteer opportunities are outlined on the website.

The main mission of this charity is to provide service to children and families in the Niagara Region who have been impacted by child abuse. This charity operates without any government funding and relies on fundraising efforts to keep operating. More info at kristenfrenchcacn. If you love animals, there are many animal charities that can use donations around the holidays. Donations of various items such as food, cat litter, bedding, bowls, towels and more, are always appreciated by the non-profit animal groups in our area.

They are also always looking for assistance with fostering animals, which involves taking care of an animal until a forever home can be found. Some local groups to look into helping are: Pets Alive Niagara petsaliveniagara.

NIAGARA FALLS!! WHAT CANADIANS THINK OF AMERICAN FALLS!!! + Cheap Canadian Hotel! NM Vlog! 122

There are countless ways to give back to the community, not just during the holidays, but on a year round basis. How you can help: There are numerous volunteer positions available at these hospitals, and they involve assisting with patient and family care, auxiliary membership, fundraising and retail, and information and customer service. Visit niagarahealth. A great site to visit to see what organizations are looking for volunteers and the various positions available is niagara.

You can search by organization name, or area of interest. Only steps away from the falls, this marriage of traditional go-karts with an elevated roller coaster style track is going to pack a rush like no other attraction; at its peak, drivers will reach 40 feet of elevation as they spiral down, racing against the clock and their following race car drivers towards the checkered flag finish line.

Noden said there is only one other go kart track that compares in North America and it can be found in Branson, Missouri — a park with three different elevated go-kart courses modelled around the famous Mario Kart video game. But the track is simply not to scale of the new Niagara Falls attraction. So why exceed the popular Missouri track in size? Well that was a simple answer. Everything we do is big. You will want to return and race your family and friends again and beat your scores from last time. Just like mini putt — we have people come back year after year with their old score cards, trying to beat their previous scores.

Along with the Speedway, HOCO recently opened the well-received ride 3D Zombie Attack — a multi-sensory attraction created by TrioTech which has riders fight and attempt to survive real-time 6D brain-hungry zombies. Zombie Attack can be found right next to the Speedway. The plan went underway over a year-and-a-half ago with the demolition of the Comfort Inn Clifton Hill building — which created a large site for expansion for fresh entertainment facilities.

This also opened up over 20 thousand square feet of renovations and 30 thousand square feet of new buildings and extensive streetscape site work. Whether you are a prospective buyer or seller you might be finding yourself among some stiff competition. He showcases a wide variety of residential properties as well as multiunit investment properties. He will treat you with the highest standards of service! These core values are shared by Nancy and are the driving force behind the trusting relationships she has built during her successful 8 years in residential and commercial real estate.

Everything has changed. The future always contains a degree of uncertainty.

Quinte West Public Library, Trenton. Trent Valley Archives, Peterborough. Tweed Public Library Digital Collections. Tyendinaga Public Library. Tyendinaga Territory Public Library. Trent University Archives, Peterborough. Queen's University Archives, Kingston. Archives of Ontario Government of Ontario.

Archives of Ontario Microfilm Interloan Service. Google Book Search, digitized books. Internet Archive, digitized books and other media. Our Roots, digitized local histories. Project Gutenberg, digitized books. The Free Library Farlex, Inc. See Vital Statistics for links to Religious Archives. Anglican Parish of Tyendinaga. Black History, online exhibit Archives of Ontario. Cobourg History Cobourg Internet. Church of the Assumption, Erinsville, Sheffield Twp. French Ontario in the 17th and 18th Centuries, online exhibit Archives of Ontario. Historic Hastings by Gerald E.

Herrington, published , Toronto, digitized Internet Archive. History Lives Here Inc. Historical Plaques of Ontario Wayne Cook. Indian Tribes of Canada Access Genealogy. The Olive Tree Genealogy. Newzeum's Material Culture Jennifer Bunting, historian and archivist. Ontario Ghost Towns. Ontario's Historic Plaques Alan L. Merrill, published , Picton, digitized Internet Archive. Sidney Township : , , by Gerald E.

Sidney Township, Hastings Co. Luke's, Camden Township, Lennox Co. Tales of Amherst Island by H. Burleigh, published , Kingston, digitized Our Roots. They Desired a Better Country by J. Broughton; Brighton, , digitized Our Roots. See also Loyalists and Quakers. William D. Quinte Loyalists of by P. Bryce, M. Before the Coming of the Loyalists by C.

Haight; Toronto, , digitized Internet Archive. Coming of the Loyalists by C. Black Loyalist Heritage Society. Black Loyalist University of Sydney. Loyalists Cyndi's List. Loyalist Research, a guide Canadian Genealogy Centre. See also Military Records. Hastings County Message Board Ancestry. Northumberland County Message Board Ancestry.

Ontario Mailing List RootsWeb. Ontario Message Board Ancestry. Loyalists Message Board Ancestry. RootsWeb Mailing Lists. Ancestry Message Boards. GenForum Genealogy. Ontario Locator, discover townships, counties or districts. Townships of Ontario Winfield Publishing. The War of Archives of Ontario. War of , Privateers privateers.

War of , records at Archives of Ontario, research guide Archives of Ontario. Pensions to Militiamen of , Sessional Papers Vol. Denison, , published Internet Archive. Herrington and Rev. Wilson, published , Napanee Internet Archive. Aircrew Remembrance Society. Ontario's War Memorials.

Books of Remembrance Veterans Affairs Canada. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Military Records, a guide Canadian Genealogy Centre. Military Records, subscription databases Ancestry. Military Articles The Recents. Canadian Military Heritage Project. Bath Museum, Ernestown Twp. Ontario Museum Association. North Hastings Heritage Museum, Bancroft. Orval Berry Museum, Frankford. Family Link, subscription social networking FamilyLink. Genes Reunited, subscription social networking.

Geni, subscription social networking Geni, Inc. Lost Cousins, subscription social networking Lost Cousins Ltd. My Heritage, subscription social networking My Heritage Ltd. We're Related familylink on Facebook. Bay of Quinte area Newspapers Funeral Homes. Bay of Quinte area. Globe and Mail Archives, access through participating libraries ProQuest.

Google Archive, some subscriptions. Google Advanced News Archive Search, some subscriptions. Google Newspaper Archives. Obituary Daily Times Database Rootsweb. Paper of Record. Funeral Homes. Hannah Funeral Homes Ltd. OGSoldphotos' photostream hosted on flickr. Bay of Quinte GenWeb. Bay of Quinte Records Randy Saylor. Mocavo Genealogy Search Engine. Ontario, Cyndi's List.

Ontario GenWeb. The Beacon, Vols. Global Genealogy, books, maps and other resources for Ontario GlobalGenealogy. Ontario, Archive CD Books. Ontario Genealogical Society Store. South Fredericksburgh Heritage Committee Publications. Wallbridge House Publishing, Belleville, local history books. Quaker Transcription Project Randy Saylor. James E. Quaker Resources Randy Saylor. GenQueries, free service Eastman's Genealogy Newsletter. Surnames of Ontario Ontario GenWeb. Before Return to Vital Statistics. Marriages up to South Fredericksburgh Heritage Committee. John Langhorn No. O'Kill Stuart's Register at St.

John's Church, Ernest Town, No. John Langhorn's Records, , Burials Rev. John Langhorn Register of St. Robert Neill, Seymour Twp. Religious Archives. Anglican Diocese of Ontario, Using the Archives. Mennonite Archives of Ontario. Ontario Jewish Archives. Quaker Archives and Library of Canada. Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kingston. United Church of Canada Archives. United Church of Canada Archives, Archives database. United Church of Canada Archives Graphics database. Church Records at the Public Archives of Ontario.

Parish Registers at Library and Archives Canada. After Registers, Hastings Co. The part of the newspaper we think of first in genealogical terms is the birth-marriage-death column BMD. For this reason, there is an assumption that this column exists in all newspapers and will be there for us to consult if we wish it. None of this is true. Some of the extra wedding announcements, with full descriptions of showers and the wedding day itself, have gone now because newspapers no longer have the room to include them. If we find them for family members in their heyday in the midth century, they make fine additions to the family history.

Pioneer newspapers might have no BMD column at all, these events being sufficiently publicised by word-of-mouth in a small community. The publisher of the first newspapers in New Hamburg, Ontario, wanted to fill his columns and thought that marriage announcements might be suitable, but no one was bringing them to him.

His solution was to visit the local clergy and ask if they had married anyone lately. The resulting columns would make a modern reader think that only a single clergyman at a time was performing weddings in the community. While later BMD columns had paid insertions, these early ones were regarded as news items of sufficient interest to be included at no cost. Some editors might not regard BMDs as worthy of space, and many newspapers would not include them. An alternative was for these bits of news to be incorporated into the social column or as news items. Nineteenth century birth announcements are not very informative, but they do provide the basic information in the form:.

These very brief announcements provided the news and nothing more was considered necessary. This family is indeed that of Timothy Eaton of department store fame. Stillbirths were treated as births and not as deaths as they are now. The birth announcement would usually read as for a live birth, with the addition in parentheses Stillborn. In the present day, stillbirths are presented in the deaths column with the usual account of surviving family members and funeral services, which are often private and conducted at the graveside.

Many stillbirths were not recorded in the newspaper. In the past, genealogists omitted reference to a stillbirth from the official record. Now, it is more likely they will want to include mention of the event in a narrative family history, although genealogies or generational charts may still omit them. For many decades after the turn of the 20th century, birth announcements were less common in newspapers.

It is not clear why, although newspapers had begun charging for publication, which may be why, or it may be that people regarded the event as more private and the sending of printed or hand-lettered birth announcements through the mail had become the usual form. After World War II, there was a return to public announcement of births, which continues now.

It has taken a full week for the announcement to be published, in which time, presumably, all the close friends have already been informed, so the newspaper item may be regarded as a formality, or to include those outside the immediate family circle.

The address is included so that people might not confuse the family with any other Robert Bennetts, and to make it easier to send congratulatory messages. This form of birth announcement is much more useful genealogically than the brief nineteenth century version. The current-day birth announcement will probably not include an address fearing an avalanche of commercial importuning but the other additions of will still be there. Birth weights, of undoubted genealogical interest, may be given also. The most recent change in birth announcements deals with parents who have different last names, either because they are not legally married or because the mother has retained her birth name.

The residences of the grandparents will make some future genealogist happy, since it makes tracing them easier. It might be useful to consider the newspaper birth announcement as genealogical evidence. Many jurisdictions, particularly in Canada, restrict access to birth certificates. Will a newspaper birth announcement do in place of a certificate? Since it is contemporaneous with the event, and probably placed in the newspaper by the parents, it should have a high evidential value. In addition, a scanned copy of the newspaper birth announcement is a good illustration for the family history.

Of the three forms of announcement in the BMD column, the marriage is the most common. Many people might omit births, for reasons of privacy or lack of general interest, and deaths were often announced using the printed death card. Marriages, however, could be announced two or three weeks after the event without spoiling the effect, and everyone in the community would want to join in the rejoicing for the happy couple.

Weddings were actually news in a way that the other events were not. Genealogically, this is a good announcement because the researcher has the full date and place. The church can be located by looking the clergyman up in a city directory of the time. The directory will connect the clergyman to his church, and researchers can then determine if the church still exists, if it has been replaced by another institution or if it is defunct, and where its records are now located.

Hunking had at least three daughters. This charming announcement contains a one-word editorial on the subject of the new Mrs. Although marriage announcements in this form continue to be used today, especially in large urban newspapers, the general interest in hearing more about weddings led quickly to longer announcements. These were removed from the BMD column and placed either in a column of their own sometimes confined to the Saturday or Sunday newspaper or mixed in with other social news.

These longer announcements grew and grew as time went on, until they became detailed accounts of the wedding which included descriptions of the clothes and flowers. It was a newspaper convention that street-names were spelled this way, and the compositor has done so even though in this case it is a proper name. Although the Fice name is given three times in the short paragraph, it appears correctly twice and wrong once. Many weddings took place at the parsonage, not in church, at this time, as a way of saving money.

Both her parents are mentioned. Later in the century, wedding accounts would certainly have told us their names too. When this information was first included, only a blood relationship with one of the participants would be mentioned as here, where Mr. This account is very valuable genealogically. Edward Fice and the late Mrs. The fact that the account appears quickly the day after the event means that the details may have been given to the newspaper ahead of time, and that it was possible to print things in record time.

Social pages in modern newspapers are usually typeset a day or two ahead of time. Although the civil registration record of this wedding is not yet available to genealogists in , it may be possible to verify the date with the church records. With care, however, as the King Street United Church no longer exists, but still operates under another name and location. This would be wise, as there are probably some details in the original record not included in the newspaper. George Boyes, Collingwood, announces the engagement of her youngest daughter, Florence, to Mr.

Arthur Somerville Boddy, son of the late Mr. Boddy and Mrs. Boddy of Toronto. The marriage will take place quietly at Collingwood the middle of April. Nottawa News in the Collingwood Bulletin , 31 March The researcher can then proceed to search April issues of the same newspaper for the wedding announcement, or failing that, church records in Collingwood. The form of name used for married women in this announcement is one which was adopted in the 19th century and continued until the present day. George Boyes.

Some modern readers might think that the omission of the husband meant Mrs. Boyes was divorced. The form of her name tells us differently, as there were strict rules concerning formal names in announcements such as this. Until the s, wording of engagement and marriage notices, as with the wording of wedding invitations, was regulated by conventions set forth in etiquette books and followed by newspapers as well as other printers.

Now, people write their own announcements and invitations, and suppose it has always been done this way. The formal nature of the old announcements enables researchers to interpret the information being given exactly. They traditionally include some indication when the wedding will take place, a clue useful for researchers. Since the wedding may take place far from the original homes of the participants, a statement about its location is helpful.

Many engagement announcements, especially in later times, will include a photograph. This is no longer true, and any modern account which omitted the groom would be regarded as eccentric. Formal double portraits of the engaged couple, part of the engagement announcement, can be taken from the newspaper and added to the family history.

Now, these portraits tend to be more informal, and are often charming and friendly pictures which would be welcome illustrations in a published narrative. The danger in using engagement announcements is that they may not have led to a wedding at all. Many engagements are broken. Even including information about a broken engagement in biographies may be dangerous, unless all the characters involved are historical.

Following the formal announcement of the impending wedding, various pre-nuptial parties might be reported in the newspapers and will add to our genealogical treasure trove. Among the brides-elect who are enjoying pre-nuptial parties is Miss Pamela Duncan who is being much feted prior to her marriage May 16 to Mr. John L. Burbidge will entertain at a tea next Friday in her honor while the following day Mrs. Barker will entertain after-five for the affianced pair. That evening the ushers at the wedding, Mr.

Jack Simm, Mr. Arthur Ryan, Mr. Allen Ker and Mr. Basil Pinney will be hosts at the home of Col. The next day, Miss Anne Laird, who is to be a bridesmaid will entertain at a shower and May 8 another bridesmaid, Miss Joan Stratton, will be hostess at a bridge party. The maid of honor, Miss Jean Palfrey, has issued invitation for a dessert party May 9 and the next afternoon Bill Pearson who will serve as bestman will be host at an after-five party. A tea hour party has been arranged by Miss Betsy Fripp for May Gerald H.

Hobbs next Thursday at the Chapel of St. James with Canon W. Cooper officiating, assisted by Rev. Lawrence Amor, a number of pre-nuptial parties have been held. This evening, Mr. Hobbs who will be bestman for his brother and Mrs. Hobbs will entertain at dinner. Sunday, Miss Jean Matheson will fete the bride she is to attend at a tea hour party.

Hobbs, will entertain at luncheon. Modern readers will immediately notice some vocabulary which is either unfamiliar or no longer used the same way. This is a situation which arises in all reading of old newspapers, which are always written in a vernacular peculiar to their own time and, sometimes, to newspapers themselves. Including the full text of a newspaper item such as these in a family history would be interesting because it gives a picture of the social life of an affianced couple in the late s in a certain stratum of society , some of it surprising.

For example, men play a more prominent role: the ushers are jointly giving a party not, it should be said, a stag party for the Menzies-Nicolson couple, and the best man and his wife for the Hobbs-Matheson couple. Many of the parties include both men and women, unlike modern pre-wedding parties. The word pre-nuptial is used here in more than a legal context. Some of the words—georgette, swagger suit—might require use of a thirties fashion dictionary. Extensive reading of weddings from the past reveals that many brides did not wear the huge white dresses which are universal today, but chose something more affordable, or which might be used again.

A bewildering variety of delightful styles—puffed and cape sleeves—velvet touches—contrasting colours. Sizes 4 to It can also provide a discussion point for a family history interview; one observer said that her mother who died in was very fond of cape sleeves, and pictures of this woman from the s show her almost always wearing them. In addition to elements of wedding reporting we have seen in the shorter versions above, here the reader is almost a participant, hearing the wedding march as the bride enters the church, with full descriptions of the principal frocks and flowers.

The list of guests is useful, since it includes a number of relations. It was generally considered a faux pas to wear black at a wedding, even for a guest. Flowers have fashions too. Roses had become the flower of choice for bridal bouquets and remained so—in fact, are probably still the most commonly used flower.

Brides now have a greater choice, including wild flowers. In fact, the flowers at this wedding point to past customs in the use of orange blossoms and flowers from the garden, perhaps even picked by the bride and bridesmaids on the morning of the wedding, and to future usage in the florist-made formal bouquet carried by the bride. The interest in these customs make including the details in your family account more desirable. Many wedding accounts include information about where the couple are going to live, which will be helpful to genealogists who are on the trail of lost relations.

Details missing from this piece but which we might find added to similar accounts are the titles of songs sung by the two soloists, and what was eaten at the breakfast. Anyone intending to participate in the eucharist would be expected to fast from midnight on, so the post-wedding meal would really be a time to break the fast. Many people in the period when railroads were most in use took a train journey to be married. This may have been done without letting their relations know ahead of time, but it may also have been planned by the whole family.

People might simply go to a nearby town, to a railway hub, or to another city which would afford the pleasures of a honeymoon also. Genealogists looking for marriage records for these people may have trouble finding them, because the town where the wedding was accomplished may have no other connections to the family or to the couple in question. The town will be mentioned and the researcher can then look for the record there. Readers of The Alberta Star would soon notice that a great many couples from Cardston, where the newspaper was published, went to Salt Lake City to be married.

In fact, the social column reveals that a great many visitors from Cardston went to Salt Lake City all the time. It becomes clear that the community had a large Latter-day Saint population, and the editor of the paper was perhaps Latter-day Saint, too. The newspaper may be a source to indicate the return from the honeymoon in the social column , for couples who have been away for a time.

This occasion might be the cause of a newspaper item after the fact, to describe its success. This may have been applicable in the more rarified parts of Montreal or New York society, but for most people, having their doings noticed in the newspaper was a pleasure. In this case, you have a year of marriage only, without month or day. This must lead to further research to find an exact date, using civil registration or church records. In some cases, no more certain date will be found. Gosh was married the other day to Anne B.

The bride revised her name downwards. Reports of deaths in the newspaper might come in the brief form of a death notice or in a lengthier description of a life, the obituary. Both are welcome to the genealogist. These two deaths, which took place a week apart, were published in the same weekly newspaper as consecutive announcements.

We learn the date and place of death and a family connection from these announcements, and that is all. Occasionally a birthplace or occupation will be mentioned. Eight year old Louisa was not affected, and is the only comfort the widower has left. Although the deaths were in St.

Louis, Missouri, they were reported in the Berlin [Kitchener] newspaper because Mrs. Causes of death were of great interest to the Victorians and to us, as well and were often included in death notices. Bass is it who died? To those unfamiliar with the family, the name of the dead boy is uncertain—is his family name Squire or Cresse?

However, a researcher searching for the family will know and will be glad of the detail, including the fact he died after a short illness in the afternoon. His exact age, in years, months and days, is in a form often given in death notices of this century. We may think that calculating his birthdate from this clear information would be easy, but the irregular number of days in months makes this difficult.

There are formulae for making the calculation, which were often published in genealogical newsletters in pre-computer days. Now, it is easier to let your software make the calculation for you.