The Complete Works of Richard Crashaw (Complete)
Upon our Lords last comfortable discourse 4c Cr G. They shall see the Son of Man coming in a cloud G. To the Jews stoning Stephen G. Upon the infant martyrs Cr G. God with us G. The Epiphany of our Lord Cl. Water turned into wine G Cl A. The Lord at a distance heals the absent ser.
Now lettest Thou Thy servant depart in peace Cl. Good seed in the field G. What seekest that I do to thee? The silence of Christ to the woman of Canaan G. Christ the good Shepherd On the wounds of the crucified Lord The paralytic healed Then took they up stones On the Resurrection On St Peter cutting off Malchus his earc Cr. J On the stable where our Lord was born A. Secular Epigrams H Sacred Epigrams never before printkd It is good to be here G.
On the descent of the Holy Spirit R Wi.
On St Peter casting away his nets c Cr G. The Lamb of God c G. The blind suppliant G. The Pharisees insidiously watching c G. Crashaw began writing poems influenced by the George Herbert's collection The Temple —an influence likely derived from Herbert's connection to Nicholas Ferrar. Several of these poems Crashaw later collected in a series titled Steps to the Temple and The Delights of the Muses by an anonymous friend and published in one volume in In his preface, the collection's anonymous editor described the poems as having the potential to induce a considerable effect on the reader—it would "lift thee Reader, some yards above the ground.
The sermons of the subject were powerful and well-attended, but have not come down to us. Having been expelled from his fellowship in , Crashaw fled into exile. Before departing he arranged for Ferrar Collet to assume his fellowship. Crashaw then accompanied Mary Collet, whom he revered as his "gratious mother", into exile on the Continent settling first in Leiden.
ISBN 13: 9781498161718
Teresa, which largely led him to seek repose in the bosom of the Roman Catholic Church. Crashaw's conversion was the confirmation of a spiritual state which had already existed, and this state was mainly emotional, an artistic abandonment to the ecstasy of divine love expressed through sensuous symbolism.
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During this period, Queen Henrietta Maria , the wife of King Charles I and her court fled in exile—at first at Oxford, a royalist stronghold, and later to Paris in July At some point in , Crashaw appeared in Paris, where he encountered Thomas Car , whose original name was Miles Pinkney,  the experienced confessor to English refugees. The poet's vagrant existence made a lasting impression on Car, as shown by "The Anagramme":.
He seeks no downes, no sheetes, his bed's still made. If he can find a chaire or stoole, he's layd, When day peepes in, he quitts his restlesse rest.
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And still, poore soule, before he's up he's dres't. It was at this time Abraham Cowley discovered Crashaw living in abject poverty in Paris. Cowley sought the Queen's influence in securing Crashaw a position in Rome. Crashaw's friend and patron, Susan Feilding, Countess of Denbigh , also used her influence at court to persuade the Queen to recommend Crashaw to the Pope. Crashaw made his way as a pilgrim to Rome in November where he continued to struggle with poverty and ill health, and while waiting for some papal retainer.
Crashaw was introduced to the Pope as "the learned son of a famous Heretic". Crashaw moral sensitivities caused him to express shock at some of the amoral behaviour of some of the Cardinal's entourage and express his complaints directly to the Cardinal. When some of these complaints became public, several in the cardinal's retinue protested about his presence and expressed outright animosity toward Crashaw. The Italians who had evil designs toward the subject prompted the Cardinal to discharge him for his safety.
Weakened by his precarious existence in exile, Crashaw set out for Loreto in May and died there of a fever on 21 August There were suspicions that Crashaw was poisoned, possibly by persons within the Cardinal's circle. Three collections of Crashaw's poetry were published during his lifetime and one small volume posthumously—three years after his death. The posthumous collection, Carmen Del Nostro , included 33 poems. For his first collection of poems , Crashaw turned to the epigrams composed during his schooling, assembling these efforts to form the core of his first book, Epigrammatum Sacrorum Liber trans.
Among its well-known lines is Crashaw's observation on the miracle of turning water into wine John : Nympha pudica Deum vidit, et erubuit , often translated as "the modest water saw its God, and blushed". For instance, this quatrain , titled Dominus apud suos vilis from the collection, was based on a passage from the Gospel of Luke : . Crashaw's work has as its focus the devotional pursuit of divine love. According to Sabine, his poems "reveal new springs of tenderness as he became absorbed in a Laudian theology of love, in the religious philanthropy practiced by his Pembroke master, Benjamin Laney, and preached by his tutor, John Tournay, and in the passionate poetic study of the Virgin Mother and Christ Child".
According to Maureen Sabine, "In his finest contemplative verse, he would reach out from the evening stillness of the sanctuary to an embattled world that was deaf to the soothing sound of Jesus, the name which, to his mind, cradled the cosmos.
According to Husain, Crashaw is not a mystic—and not by traditional definitions of mysticism—he is simply a devotee who had a mystic temperament because he "often appears to us as an ecstatic poet writing about the mystical experiences of a great saint St. Teresa rather than conveying the richness of his own mystical experience". While Crashaw is categorised as one of the metaphysical poets, his poetry differs from those of the other metaphysical poets by is cosmopolitan and continental influences.
As a result of this eclectic mix of influences, literary scholar Maureen Sabine states that Crashaw is usually "regarded as the incongruous younger brother of the Metaphysicals who weakens the 'strong line' of their verse or the prodigal son who 'took his journey into a far country', namely the Continent and Catholicism. Roberts writes Crashaw "happily set out to follow in the steps of George Herbert" with the influence of The Temple , and that "confidence in God's love prevails in his poetry and marks his voice as distinctly different from that of Donne in relation to sin and death and from that of Herbert in his struggle to submit his will to that of God.
Much of the negative criticism of Crashaw's work stems from an anti-Catholic sentiment in English letters—especially among critics who claim that his verse suffered as a result of his religious conversion. Today, Crashaw's work is largely unknown and unread  — if he is not the "most important" he is certainly one of the most distinguished of the metaphysical poets.
According to literary scholars Lorraine Roberts and John Roberts, "those critics who expressed appreciation for Crashaw's poetry were primarily impressed not with its thought, but with its music and what they called 'tenderness and sweetness of language'"—including a roster of writers such as Samuel Taylor Coleridge , William Wordsworth , Elizabeth Barrett Browning , Ralph Waldo Emerson , Henry Wadsworth Longfellow , Amy Lowell , and A. Bronson Alcott.
The Complete Works of Richard Crashaw, Volume II by Richard Crashaw
Crashaw" ;  and Sir John Beaumont's poem "Psyche" compares Crashaw with fourth-century poet and saint Gregory of Nazianzen. The Crashaw prize for poetry is awarded by Salt Publishing. However, contemporary critics were quick to point out that Pope owed Crashaw a debt and in several instances, plagiarised from him.
In a edition of in The Rambler , Critic Samuel Johnson called attention to a direct example of Pope's plagiaristic borrowing from Crashaw: . Crashaw's verse has been set by or inspired musical compositions. The title was a tribute to George Herbert whose sacred verse, The Temple, was written in Herbert's puritan style was very different from that of Crashaw's sensuous imagery, exclamations, and loose structure. A revision of earlier religious poems, Carmen Deo Nostro was published after Crashaw's death. Steps to the temple. Carmen Deo Nostro. The delights of the muses. Richard Crashaw , Alexander Balloch Grosart.
A Song of Divine Love. Charitas N imia or the dear Bargain. Mary seeking Jesus when lost 18 5.