Land and Sustainable Development in Africa
Black British History Hakim Adi. This book links contemporary debates on land reform with wider discourses on sustainable development within Africa.
Featuring chapters and in-depth case studies on South Africa and Zimbabwe, Malawi, Kenya, Botswana and West Africa, it traces the development of ideas about sustainable development and addresses a new agenda based on social justice. The authors critically examine contemporary neoliberal market-led reforms and the legacy of colonialism on the land question. They argue that debates on sustainable development should be placed in the context of structural interests, access and equity, rather than technical management of land and resources.
Additionally, they show that these structural factors cannot be transformed by institutional reform based on notions of elective democracy, community participation, and market-reform, but require a far more radical programme to redress the injustices of the colonial system that continue today. The book advocates a commitment to building sustainable livelihoods for farmers, calling for a redistribution of land and natural resources to challenge existing economic relations and frameworks for development.
The meeting report includes over 50 key messages pertaining to SDGs 6 clean water and sanitation , 7 affordable and clean energy , 11 sustainable cities and communities , 12 responsible consumption and production , 15 life on land and 17 partnerships for the Goals. It also calls for creating an enabling environment through better water governance regimes, with institutional arrangements that recognize the interdependence of water usage among competing sectors and that make use of cross-sectoral planning.
The ARFSD calls on governments to invest more in: settlement and urban planning, potable water access points in rural communities and improved sanitation facilities to eliminate open defecation and ensure appropriate waste management; and both soft and hard climate-proofed water infrastructure to ensure sustained water supply, enhance adaptation to seasonal variability in precipitation and build resilience to climate change-induced impacts, including slow-onset impacts.
On SDG 7, the ARFSD calls on governments to: put in place coherent policies and an enabling environment to leverage limited public resources to mobilize private sector investment, including from domestic resources, capitalizing on the decrease in the cost of renewable energy technology; develop in-country human and institutional capacities for energy planning and management and greater private sector engagement; ensure that climate resilience is fully integrated into the planning and implementation of energy infrastructure and investment, especially for hydropower systems; and systematically prioritize energy efficiency in all sectors and capitalize on quick wins in energy efficiency, recognizing that energy efficiency gains enhance access.
On SDG 17, key messages focus on: financing for development; science, technology and innovation STI ; capacity building and systemic issues; and trade.
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It has to incorporate global, national and community actions. It must also involve civil society, public agencies and the private sector in development programs to help mitigate the problems.
Some of the actions that might be taken are as follows:. Global-level action.
African countries are signatories to most multilateral environmental agreements that showcase global consensus on the causes and effects of environmental challenges. However, often times African governments lack the capacity to implement these agreements or honor the commitments therein. African countries need to demonstrate their capacity to be able to tackle these challenges.
Protecting natural assets is the key to sustainable development in Africa
Most countries in Africa have established environmental institutions and, along with them, the legislative basis and administrative procedures for environmental management. However, progress is limited by lack of adequate human, technical and financial resources, and ineffective institutional arrangements.
In addition, the quest for foreign direct investment FDI often leads to compromises in the strict enforcement of environmental laws, which tends to perpetuate unsustainable resource use patterns. National-level action. Although progress in project level environmental impact assessment capacity is noticeable, there is a bigger need to equally develop capacity in strategic environmental assessment SEA. SEA is a pro-active measure that aims to integrate environmental considerations into proposed laws, policies, plans and programs. Strategic environmental assessments would enable these more impor-tant, higher order or strategic decisions to be subjected to environmental and social scrutiny.
There is also a need for national governments to engage the private sector effectively to provide business solutions to environmental challenges.
Governments should also reward innovation that enables the achievement of national environmental priorities. Community-level action. In conclusion, I believe that ecologically friendly sustainable development in Africa is about decision making, trade-offs and the delicate balance of priorities. Like any change process, it requires participation and commitment from top to bottom — from government policies to individual behaviors. In addition, I believe that new technological and social innovations will be required to provide alternatives to help all Africans maintain their livelihoods without depleting the scarce natural resources available to the African continent.
Land and Sustainable Development in Africa
Thank you again for the opportunity to address this important subject. African Economic Outlook Read more messages from the president. Africare President Julius Coles April 11, by jdenis.