Delle persone 3 - Leggi collegate (Italian Edition)

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Rome, March , Elenco dei candidati alle elezioni del 4 Marzo, per i rappresentanti degli studenti per il consiglio di Dipartimento. Elenco dei candidati alle elezioni del 4 Marzo, per i rappresentanti del personale TAB per il consiglio di Dipartimento. Indizione elezione commissione paritetica. Vedi programma. See the link. Il Dipartimento di Matematica primo tra i grandi dipartimenti nel Macrosettore Matematica. Cookie analitici di prima o di terza parte. Potete disattivare tali cookie attraverso i riferimenti elencati di seguito, ovvero tramite la modifica delle impostazioni del browser secondo quanto descritto nel paragrafo successivo.

Cookie di profilazione di prima parte. Cookie di profilazione di terza parte. Tuttavia, essi sono gestiti e installati sul Sito ad opera di partner commerciali terzi che agiscono come autonomi titolari del trattamento. The Agency incorporates and inherits the competences previously assigned to the "Agenzia per la diffusione delle tecnologie per l'innovazione" Innovation Technology Dissemination Agency , DigitPA and the "Dipartimento per l'innovazione tecnologica" Technology Innovation Department of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers.

According to the Statute, which was approved in February , the Agency's aims are: a to ensure ICT coordination of the State, regional and local administration with the aim of designing and monitoring the strategic evolution of the Public Administration information system; b to pursue the optimization of public expenditure in computer science by monitoring current expenditure and supporting public, national and local administrations; c to carry out the tasks necessary to fulfill the international obligations assumed by the State in the matters of its competence; d to promote digital innovation in the country and contribute to the creation of new knowledges and to the dissemination of new economic, cultural and social development opportunities, by collaborating with European, national and regional institutions with similar aims, and by stipulating strategic agreements; e to issue guidelines, regulations and standards; F to promote computer literacy initiatives for citizens.

In this Catalog will be documented all the services of the Administrations so as to be able to increase the potential of information and communication technologies in the relation between P. This is a new log in the system that allows citizens and companies to access by means of a single digital identity, from multiple devices computers, tablets, smartphones to all online services of Public Administrations and adherent companies. With SPID, the dozens of passwords, keys, and codes that are currently in use will no longer be needed.

The SPID identity consists of credentials with different characteristics depending on the security level required for access. Private Portals FiloDiritto : having been born in , this is one of the most recent sites in the legal domain. It is very rich, well organized and useful not only to the lawyer but also to the citizen. The simplicity of its interface increases its appeal.

This Web Site, one of the best Italian legal Web resources, has been deeply modified whether graphically or from the point of view of the contents. Relevant tags and related legal materials are indicated for each video. From items that identify individual subjects, we can access the relevant Articles, News, and Videos.

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The Guide section contains works that are free of charge, generally of information nature, relating to topical issues, both of general and specialist interest. News are related to the latest significant decisions of legislative, judicial and administrative bodies, recent articles of legal literature, news about Courses and Conferences, reviews of famous ancient literary works of legal interest. From the HomePage it is possible to register at the Newsletter, to contribute to the Website, and to acquire information about the Website Editorial Staff, Scientific Committee and Authors.

The original Website, one of the main portals for lawyers, defines itself as "a legal newspaper, search engine and portal, but - above all - a community". Created by "IusOnDemand it is furnished with various and sophisticated tools for research, amongst which a search engine with a proprietary database, exclusively dedicated to the Law. With reference to the different branches of the Law the user finds "Segnalazioni", "Documenti" and "Servizi". New technologies for legal information distribution: eBooks, search engine for news in Internet, newsagent, interactive digital television, mobile phone, podcasting, intelligent tools for online legal information retrieval, personal notes sharing, electronic documents tagging.

Moreover, the "Community" section contains: a "Commenti" comments and newsletters on sentences and legal questions of general interest ; b "Forum" managed by lawyers for lawyers and citizens: experts present their considerations with regard to legal matters of generale character ; c "Selected Links" a large number, subdivided by subject matter and type: around fifty categories of Websites, relating to Environmental Law, Civil Law, Criminal Law, Administrative Law, Insurance Law, Fiscal Law, Public Institutions, Private Citizens, Courts, Court Decisions, Laws, Law Journals, Law Libraries, Lawyers, Search Engines, etc.

Finally, it is possible to take advantage of specialized services corresponding to personal needs and to ask that specific software products are developed it is available also a Dictionary of the Internet terms. Inside the Portal, an online consultancy service and a newsletter are also available.

Figure 5: Home Page of the Portal "Dirittosuweb. In other words, it behaved like an intermediary between users and the real search engines. Subsequently, the Journal created a new version which constituted a proper search engine. The old version's interface allows a simple and intuitive query of legal documents acts, administrative orders, sentences, decrees , using two of the most important international search engines, Metacrawler and Hotbot.

In the new version of "Cicerone", the query is a free text one; the user can look for more terms connected by the Boolean operators simultaneously. The result will be a list of the websites which include the searched terms in a juridical context. The search can relate to statutes, decrees and judgments in both Italian and French Law. In particular, for Italian law it is possible to search for Collective Labour Agreements. The consumer can use terms or numerical references, connected by the boolean operators. The query can be refined using "canali" "channels" which are focused on Italian websites of legal interest.

Its goal is to allow the user to find documents, information and legal contents on the web. The legal sources and web-sites are strictly selected. It includes, in addition to the main up-to-date Codes, legal decisions in full text, extracts from decisions of the Court of Cassation, Official Gazettes and lists of legal websites. Figure 9 : Home Page of the Search Engine "RicercaGiuridica" Infoleges : Infoleges is much more than a "legislative meta-search engine", as it's defined. It's truly a huge legal on-line database. It holds billions of documents concerning EU's legislation, State and Regional legislation, and even EU's and Italian jurisprudence and collective contracts.

A section is specifically dedicated to Italian legal literature. Italian Legal Office. It's a very important search engine, which is basically realized for Universities and Public Administrations. Guides Law Web Guides are principally consulting instruments. Many of institutional sites and online reviews contain them. Guida al Diritto " Il Sole 24 ore " : Linked tothe newspaper "Il Sole 24 ore" -Italian political, economic and financial newspaper, founded in - constitutes a complete legal information system in print and online. It deals with all the major branches of the Italian Law by providing news, articles, judgments, documentation, databases, forms, tools and services including the calculation of the biological damage and the full text of judgments.

The database, last updated on November , is organized in documentary units corresponding to the individual types of material taken into consideration; as a result, each site may appear in more than one survey form according to the richness of the documentation possessed. The information relates to providers, access free-of-charge or for a fee , the type of material Laws, Jurisprudence, Legal literature, etc. Actually the "Diritto Italia" database is not up-to-date; in fact, the principal purpose of the project was to provide a model of document research and retrieval on the Web, hoping that other operators go on with this kind of enterprise.

It is right to point out that the updating of these Guides is crucial for their efficiency since URLs and contents of the Websites continually change, while the cooperation process, that is at the base of the Web philosophy, is still now disregarded. DFP is a structured list of Italian Internet resources, which makes public information available, focusing special attention on legislative information and legal information in general ; it is also integrated with the discussion list of the Italian AIB-CUR Italian Libraries Association - Research University Center librarians , in the sense that it gathers reports transmitted on that list.

The DFP is a very selective directory that points out websites but, above all, resources that often are not in evidence in the HomePage of the public sites. DFP is organized in three sectors: 1 General Documentation : Official Gazettes, Official Bulletins of the Regions, general collections of legislation, lists and services of legislative amendments, jurisprudence files, services updating jurisprudence, general statistics, legal information websites; 2 Sectoral Documentation : with an especially thorough selection, given the very large number of potentially relevant resources.

Public bodies are prevalent each sector presents one or more national body of reference , but there are also private and commercial sites when they give information of a public source available; 3 Digest of public sites : constituted by a simple list of URLs relating to public institutions subdivided into wide categories.

The bodies are represented up to the level of the Region. For Provinces, Municipalities and other local bodies, reference is made to already existing digests. In particular, the DFP tends to highlight: aggregation points of resources already online; relevant databanks, above all when hidden inside the websites administrative acts, procedures, projects, statistical data, organization charts, etc.

The site provides information about libraries and pertinent services online catalogues, calendars of events, inventories in the field of training and labour, directories of products and services, discussion groups. The "Internet Guide" section - that contains directories of Italian and foreign English, in particular Guides, Hand Books, News Bulletins, Forums and Mailing Lists - is worthy of pointing out since it gives useful suggestions on how to use Web research tools search engines and meta-engines in the right way.

Every Web resource is described by means of a form containing its name, URL, and a brief description. Sites of Legal Interest Apart from these resources aimed at retrieving legal material and access to the sources of Italian law, there is now a great variety of institutional or private online sites, structured as portals rich in information and services. Parliament, Government and Ministries With the premise that not only the websites of Parliament and Government, but also those of all Government Departments can be found on the Web, we shall only concentrate on those we consider worthy of special attention.

Enriched in the contents and renewed in the graphics, this Website aims to represent an informative resource of easy and intuitive access to the life of the parliamentary institution. Through the home page the citizen can not only reach the sites of the Chamber of the Deputies and the Senate of the Republic, but can also directly consult the most remarkable results of the joint activity of the two Chambers, as the approved laws or the joined activities of the bicameral bodies, besides the international activity of the Italian Parliament.

A specific area of the site concerns the "Polo Bibliotecario" Parliament Library Pole and its services, first result of the effort of the two Chambers to empower the information and search tools at the disposal of the parliamentaries and all the citizens, overcoming at the same time duplications and inefficiency. The "Piattaforma Costituzionale" Constitutional Platform represents the product of a common job in order to furnish support of training for all the Italian schools.

The site contains a database of Italian normative acts of primary range laws, law decrees and legislative decrees, starting from which can be searched in chronological order, by type and by subject matter, based on the TESEO [ [4] ] classification system. For every law number and date of publication with the link to the corresponding text , title, subject, publication details and a summarizing table of the relative parliamentary iter from which it is possible to access the texts of the preparatory works are furnished. Furthermore, for the enabling acts a details table supplies the list of the single dispositions of delegation and the relative implementation decrees.

The most requested laws, decrees approved but not promulgated or published, and decree laws under way to be converted in law can also be retrieved. There is also a database of legislative decrees which implement delegated laws, EC Directives, or special Statutes that can be searched on the server of the Chamber of Deputies through a search engine.

As already specified, the site of Parliament is divided into two sectors: The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic. Apart from providing information about its role, the work underway, as well as initiatives and events, the Chamber of Deputies furnishes latest news and press releases. The database concerning the Parliament direction and control action allows the data related to questions, interpellations, motions, decisions, agendas, both of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic, to be searched and retrieved.

In this new version, the database substitutes the earlier database, known as "Sindacato ispettivo" "Inspecting Parliamentary Action". The following are its characteristics: the user-friendliness and intuitive nature in the use of the database of regional laws which contains all the laws in full text of the Italian Regions and Autonomous Provinces from their constitution.

The original nucleus, entirely realized by the Chamber of Deputies, was made available on the Web through the joint efforts of the Chamber of Deputies, the Supreme Court of Cassation and the Regional Councils. Since , the legislative texts have been directly supplied by the Regions and the Autonomous Provinces.

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Normative references of the laws are provided by the Supreme Court of Cassation, while the Library of the Chamber of Deputies takes care of the overall management and updating. Beside providing information about its role, members, work, documents and latest news, the Senate of the Republic site provides an entire section of the website is completely dedicated to the texts which are submitted under Parliament consideration: bills, points of order, motions. As we have already mentioned, each Ministry can be found on the Web with its own site, often divided into several sectors, starting with the Prime Minister's Office , which not only provides more general information and services, but also gives news about the course of Government provisions.

In nearly every case, the sites of the Ministries are presented as Portals with a variety of very important information and services. As regards the reform process which is now operative in Italian Public Institutions, you can consider the so called "Ministri senza portafoglio", who don't have indipendent financial powers: Affari regionali , Riforme Costituzionali e Rapporti con il Parlamento , Semplificazione e Pubblica Amministrazione.

The MEF homepage, contains information on the structure and role of the Ministry, and provides information about the Taxation Agencies, the CIPE, the Administration of State Monopolies, and the like, and a list of links - organized by type - to institutional sites. The DF homepage is divided into numerous sections see G. Besides press releases, dossiers on specific subjects and guides, studies and fiscal statistics, exchange rates, forms, due dates for the payment of taxation, online taxation, journals and in-depth studies, the documentation sector offers a database of taxation documentation prepared by the " Centro Ricerche e Documentazione Economica e Finanziaria " CeRDEF - Economics and Finance Documentation and Research Center containing tax legislation enacted after the reform of , also prior legislation if still in force, European Community legislation, administrative practices circulars, resolutions, press releases produced by the Financial Administration for the interpretation and proper enforcement of the legislation, and finally the Italian and European Community Jurisprudence on taxation including the opinions of the Advisory Council for the application of the anti-evasion rules.

It also offers a useful sector relating to services, including a guide to the services of the Departments, the calculation of road tax, the duplication of the Tax Code, information on taxation commissions and so on. It also contains a list of sites organized by type and a software sector on fiscal, cadastral and customs matters. The Ministry of Justice site is structured in 10 sections regarding the Ministry organization and functions, and the description of the basic institutional activities.


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The "Strumenti" section contains a selection of national and international legislation and recent cases, besides a map of judicial offices, flowcharts of the Ministry departments and offices, applicative itineraries and forms for the practice. These sites generally set out the legislative framework of reference, provisions, recommendations, and give a wide variety of documentation. Courts and Judicial Offices The site of the Italian Constitutional Court not only provides useful information about the offices and the judges of the Court starting from , monthly reviews, press conferences and the legislative framework of reference, but it also enables the user to search the Court Decisions, the "Massime" abstracts of the Court's sentences since and the Doctrinal Comments.

On this matter it is, however, helpful to refer to another site, because it is more complete and managed by the same official site, namely " Consulta online" Constitutional Court online , co-ordinated by Pasquale Costanzo, whose database stores all the Court's decisions and orders dating from A search may be carried out on the details of the decision, by key words or through the terms which the parties, the Court or the subject matter dealt with may refer to. The decisions are in full text. In the part dedicated to "Sources", the legislative framework is set out and, in the part dedicated to "Research", the user is able to participate in a public "Forum".

It should also be noted that there is a large number of links to Constitutions and Constitutional Courts throughout the world. On this site, the user can generally find, with some exceptions, decisions published after October , and the most important opinions dating from September European Institutions We can mention for instance here the portal of the European Union , accessible in twenty-four languages, provides the user with a great deal of documentation on what the European Union is, how it functions, and how to live and interact with it.

Universities and Research Bodies All Italian Universities and public and private Law Faculties have sites on the Web, containing a great deal of information and documents and with many services for students. Here, we shall look, as an example, at the Faculty of Law of the University of Catania , which presents interesting initiatives online, such as Labour Web , a virtual documentation centre on the evolution of Labour Law, industrial relations and the social State in the European Union, and at the Faculty of Law of the University of Trento , which hosts The Cardozo Electronic Law Bulletin , the first European University electronic journal.

The databases and the guides to which users have free of charge access are especially important in this context. In particular, these include the following. Currently this database contains over Professional Orders, Associations and Trade Unions Cassa Nazionale di Previdenza e Assistenza Forense National Pensions and Assistance Fund for Lawyers provides a valuable guide in the search for organizations and associations of lawyers, as well as a national list of lawyers registered on the roll. Tutti I numeri della politica Political Barometer.

All the instruments of Politics , which also has numerous links to the sites of Italian and international Political Parties. The website CNF - Consiglio Nazionale Forense National Bar Council puts the Forensic Deontological Code online and enables the user to retrieve, through the jurisprudence related to the CNF, opinions, circulars, events, the Bar's activities, proposals, the history of its members, the calendar of Court sittings and annual reports.

It also provides information, reviews and lists of sites of interest for lawyers. A particular attention is dedicated to the evolution process which is regarding the Italian legal profession nowadays, which is confirmed by the new Italian Forensic Order, introduced by Law No. A database of different kinds of documentation including legislation is also online. There is also a service on how to find a public notary, studies and research, conferences and congresses, guides and handbooks. It is a founding member of the "International Association of Judges".

OUA - Organismo Unitario dell ' Avvocatura Italiana Unitary Organism of the Italian Bench and Bar represents the structure - direct emanation of the National Bar Congress - where all the institutions and bar associations converge for the purpose of expressing the thoughts of the Bench and the Bar on all the most important issues relating to the Justice and the legal profession, whilst respecting the autonomy of each component.

The site provides online information about Congresses and Conferences, documents, news, reviews and press releases, and many articles. AIGA - Associazione Italiana Giovani Avvocati Italian Association of Young Lawyers : in the various sections of the website the structure of the Association is illustrated, the main activities carried out or planned are described and multiple specialised services handbooks, forms, specialized issues, press releases, news are provided.

Consulta per la Giustizia Europea dei Diritti dell ' uomo Council for European Justice on Human Rights , set up on June 13, , has the purpose of making the professional and cultural associations of lawyers and judges in Italy aware of the instruments for protecting human rights, guaranteed by international rules, in particular, the procedural rules for presenting individual cases before the European Court of Human Rights, in Strasbourg, in order to denounce violations of the European Convention on Human Rights which may have been committed by the Italian State.

The A. Private Initiative Sites " Iusimpresa - Osservatorio bibliografico del Diritto dell'economia" "Bibliographical Observatory of Economic Law" is a bibliographical observatoryon the world of the economy, which can be searched in six languages Italian, English, French, German, Spanish, and Portuguese. Its objective is to offer a rapid, complete and user-friendly tool which, on the basis of a selection made at the source, provides with updating made possible through the availability of the material the bibliographical details of legal literature regarding the Law of Economics, published since January Three types of search for documents are available: basic search, advanced search, and keywords search; moreover, it is possible to search the case notes.

Not only the section dedicated to news is interesting, but also the section regarding books, which - thanks to the publishing houses permission - enables users to browse summaries and tables of contents. Publishing Houses The following is a list of publishing houses specialized in the legal sector. The new "Leggi d'Italia" website is structured in four sections.

Moreover, customized libraries, online training courses, and various specialized newsletters are available.

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Finally, a further innovation is the "Leggi d'Italia Mobile" system, which allows the user to play the search engine even on smartphones and tablets. In particular, DeJure is a complete, customizable and up-to-date online legal information system that allows the user to have a smart and targeted search of relevant information on the topic of interest. The online catalogue is updated daily with data on all the volumes published, both those currently on the market and those in print in the past.

Il Sole 24 ore , largely dedicated to the world of the economy, makes an important contribution to the legal sector.

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It provides services, texts, periodicals and many offline and online databases which are distributed against payment of a subscription fee. The database of "Lex24" is in constant evolution; it can be searched at any time and is updated in real time on the basis of the latest amendments taking place daily. Specific sections regard very important topics, such as family, job, companies, real estates, responsbility and reparation, the mediation and the telematic civil trial. It also furnishes numerous online services, such as the "Quotidiano giuridico", which offers every day prompt and influential updates to lawyers, judges and notaries; the on-line commented versions of the Civil Code and the Civil Trial Code; expert advices in legal and fiscal matters.

Simone contains useful services mailing list and a great deal of information. The catalogue made available by the publishing house enables the user to consult the electronic cards relating to over one thousand published volumes. Zanichelli provides documentation, catalogues and services, which are also generally offered by the best publishing houses specialized in the legal field. The Catalogue, which can be downloaded in PDF, holds codes, handbooks and legal literature texts.

A monthly legal Newsletter is also available online. The " Utet giuridica " section holds databases, juridical journals, books and codes. Today, the documents search can be developed through a list of the principal legal matters, highlights, topical issues, the most important legal sources legislation, case law, legal literature and indexes which direct the users to the websites where they can find legislation, jurisprudence, and administrative acts. The Utilities section contains free downloadable documents, forms and formularies, books and services which can be useful for jurists, such as cadastral certificates, company registrations and various kinds of online expert advisories.

Finally, this site provides a Newsletter giving the user updated information. It is peer-reviewed English and Italian language journal concerned to provide an international forum for academic research exploring the threesholds of legal theory, judicial practice and public policy, where the use of a "comparative law and literature" approach becomes crucial to the understanding of Law as a complex order. Apart from containing a series of important articles and contributions, it presents the annotated Italian Civil Code, the Italian Constitution, and lists of Italian and international sites.

Regarding the years to the Index by volume and issue Table of contents and the Index by subject matter are provided. The following can be listed among the typically specialized journals: InterLex is an electronic journal of Law, Technology and Information, among the most prestigious within the Italian panorama on the Web, with many articles of legal literature, organized by subject matter through a chronological and systematic index, from up to Forum costituzionale The "Forum di Quaderni costituzionali" is the telematic section of "Quaderni Costituzionali". In the "Giurisprudenza" "Law Cases" section comments on the main decisions of the Constitutional and Supreme Courts are available.

The "Papers" section hosts real essays. The section "Euroscopio" presents updated abstracts of the main decisions released by the European Court of Human Rights, sorted by topic.

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The "Telescopio" section makes available comments on foreign current topics in the public law field. Finally, in the "Autorecensioni" Authors can report their new monographs, indicating the relative data. It was established in by a group of Italian scholars based in several Italian Universities, with the encouragement and support of scholars from other countries.

Osservatorio sulle fonti is dedicated to deepen the theme of the system of the sources of Law. Astrid was born in to contribute to the spread of democratic and reformist culture and to the debate on the reinvention of government institutions, public policies, administrative systems and economy regulation in the context of globalization and European unity.

As a foundation established in by scholars from various political and cultural backgrounds, Astrid operates mainly through seminars and workshops whose outcomes consist of researches, analysis and proposals. The topics of discussion include: governance, reform of international organizations and European institutions, the constitutional and electoral reforms, the modernization of Public Administration, the liberalization of local public utilities, the reform of local and regional policies for quality of regulation and simplification. Italian Labour Law e-Journal , founded in , is a journal which falls within the sphere of interest which basically coincides with that of the site Italian Labour Law Online, where it is to be found: Italian Labour Law, in the traditional sense including industrial relations, employer-employee relations, and social security law, from their domestic and international viewpoints as well as international and comparative Labour Law.

The back issues of this journal go from to Gnosis Online is the journal of "intelligence and professional culture", the first issue of which was published in , originated with the objective, amongst other things, of introducing new forms of communication inside and outside SISDe - Servizio per le Informazioni e la Sicurezza Democratica "Italian Intelligence and Security Service".

The archive includes the issues from to It also portrays itself as a qualified place for reflection and in-depth study, unique in the Italian editorial panorama, on issues related to intelligence and national security. The Journal publishes essays, forums, interviews, articles, curious historical anecdotes, book reviews and bibliographical notes, reports of interventions by important persons from the world of politics, culture and the institutions.

It has also edited a full and systematic collection of the Italian and foreign documentation in the sector reports of parliamentary and governmental organs, bills regarding intelligence bodies, legislation and jurisprudence of interest. The Journal also publishes the proceedings of the numerous cultural initiatives promoted by the Training School of the "Italian Intelligence and Security Service".

The journal publishes online essays about law, philosophy and anthropolog i c a l sciences. In addition to the last number essays, there are many further sources available for the user, such as the "Recensioni e discussioni" section, a historic archive which contains all con t ributions published from to and lots of links to online law journals, foreign and Italian Universities and Public Administrations. Jei-Jus e Internet , online since , this website calls itself as "the first press service online for legal operators".

Privacy and Copyright Law are the main thematic areas. Lexambiente Environment Law was born in with the aim of spreading environmental information through the Web. This journal is rich in information, case law and legislation on the environment contributing to the discussion on this topic. It has also a Newsletter, which keeps users up-to-date on what is happening in the field. Law Libraries Many libraries, especially if they are of considerable importance, like University libraries, have transformed their catalogues into databases, usually making them available to the user free-of-charge.

There are now also groups of these under the same organization which has created collective catalogues or MetaOPACs. At present, the catalogue contains about 16 million bibliographical descriptions and over 85 million locations. It allows the user the cumulative query of the catalogs and provides exhaustive lists of Italian Libraries, divided by type Public Libraries, State Libraries, Ecclesiastical Libraries, School Libraries, University Libraries, Research Institute Libraries and other Libraries and, within the same type, by geographical coverage.

The initiative falls within the framework of the reform of the Italian Public Administration aimed at guaranteeing transparency and simplification in its relationship with citizens. Since March , the release date for free and open consultation, the database was progressively fed and updated in "multivalidity" mode with the entire Republican legislative body published from to today, and with the body of law of the Monarchical era, published from to It is also possible to consult, in original version, the normative acts published in the Official Gazette from to At the same time, several improvements were made to the consultation system in order to make it easier and easier to use than the first released version.

Figure Home Page of the "Normattiva" documentation system The Normattiva system is based on the use of innovative technologies for the creation of reliable, free and full information system on Italian laws, in this way implementing Article of Law no. The database includes primary and secondary legislation together with circulars and some relevant administrative orders.

Two search options are given to the user: "simple search" and "advanced search". By selecting this option user can search the documents in the database and display the full text or part of the text section or articles in the version applicable at the date of consultation. The database is continuously updated and the Project is still in progress.

In the next future the user will be able to carry on conceptual retrieval and to search for legislation by utilizing EUROVOC descriptors. The "Suprema Corte di Cassazione" Italian Supreme Court of Cassation Databases The Italian Supreme Court of Cassation was a pioneer in the sector: through its "Centro Elettronico di Documentazione" - CED "Electronic Centre of Documentation" it created for the first time a system that can be evaluated as the best, on a European level and even on a global level, for the mass of documentation and for the features of its information retrieval system.

The service was already activated in the early 's, but only for a limited number of Courts. From onwards there was a gradual incrementation and consolidation of the system and definition of the access modes, provided free-of-charge for the Central Administrations and against payment for other user groups. Access to the consultation of the databases is regulated by Law D. The new documentary retrieval system in the database of the Supreme Court, called " ItalgiureWeb ", has become available on the Internet. The users can access the website and its data just connecting to this address ; so the system can be used as any other website.

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However, at present, the possibility of consulting the system is reserved only for users who have the right to link up free-of-charge and it will be come into effect through a gradual release, organized by categories. Moreover, only for a few years you can consult all the civil and criminal judgments of the Court of Cassation free of charge. The service is free, does not require any registration and is accessible to everyone at the following link.