Tuffatori: Storie, vita, occhi di uomini (Italian Edition)
Fabrizio Frizzi 1. Giulio Golia 1. Giorgio Gori 1. Alessandro Greco 1. Ezio Greggio 1. Alessandro Grieco 1.
Sonia Grey 1. Bianca Guaccero 1. Milo Infante 1 , 2. Flavio Insinna 1. Elisa Isoardi 1. Cesare Lanza 1. Loredana Lecciso 1. Miriam Leone 1. Massimo Liofredi. Marco Liorni 1. Claudio Lippi 1. Vladimir Luxuria 1. Georgia Luzi 1. Giancarlo Magalli 1 , 2. Mara Maionchi 1 , 2. Emma Marrone 1 , 2. Matteo Marzotto 1. Alessandra Mastronardi 1. Roberta Mirra 1. Morgan 1. Giorgio Panariello 1. Federica Panicucci 1. Alba Parietti 1 , 2.
Benedetta Parodi 1. Paola Perego 1 , 2. Daniele Piombi 1. Pamela Prati 1. Jason Priestley 1. Platinette 1 , 2. Lola Ponce 1. Nathalie Rapti Gomez 1. Attilio Romita 1. Simone Rugiati 1. Nicola Savino 1 , 2. Federica Sciarelli 1. Gerry Scotti 1. Francesca Senette 1 , 2 , 3. Monica Setta 1 , 2 , 3. Vittorio Sgarbi 1. Salvo Sottile 1. Valerio Staffelli 1. Giorgia Surina 1. Silvio Testi 1. Davide Tortorella 1. Maurizio Totti 1.
Franco Trentalance 1 , 2. Mara Venier 1 , 2. Flavia Vento 1. Simona Ventura 1 , 2 , 3. Among the masters whose works are hanging in the church are Filippino Lippi, Sansovino, and Rossellino. To the right of the church building is the refectory of the Monastery of Santo Spirito with a Last Supper frescoed by Orcagna c. Perched high on a hillside overlooking the renaissance city, one can enjoy a breathtaking view of Florence's skyline. A replica of Michelangelo's Statue of David stands in the centre of the plaza. This astonishing Renaissance sculpture was created between and It is a 14 ft marble statue depicting the biblical hero David, represented as a standing male nude.
Michelangelo was asked by the consuls of the Board to complete an unfinished project begun in by Agostino di Duccio and later carried on by Antonio Rossellino in This block of marble of exceptional dimensions remained therefore neglected for 25 years, lying within the courtyard of the Opera del Duomo. Michelangelo was only 26 years old in , but he was already the most famous and best-paid artist in his days. He accepted the challenge with enthusiasm to sculpt a large scale David and constantly worked for over two years to create one of his most.
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The Vestry Board had established the religious subject for the statue, but nobody expected such a revolutionary interpretation of the biblical hero. The account of the battle between David and Goliath is told in Book 1 Samuel. Saul and the Israelites are facing the Philistines near the Valley of Elah. Twice a day for 40 days, Goliath, the champion of the Philistines, comes out between the lines and challenges the Israelites to send out a champion of their own to decide the outcome in single combat. Only David, a young shepherd, accepts the challenge. Saul reluctantly agrees and offers his armor, which David declines since it is too large, taking only his sling and five stones from a brook.
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David and Goliath thus confront each other, Goliath with his armor and shield, David armed only with his rock, his sling, his faith in God and his courage. David hurls a stone from his sling with all his might and hits Goliath in the center of his forehead: Goliath falls on his face to the ground, and David then cuts off his head. Traditionally, David had been portrayed after his victory, triumphant over the slain Goliath. Michelangelo instead, for the first time, chooses to depict David before the battle. David is tense: Michelangelo catches him at the apex of his concentration.
He stands relaxed, but alert, resting on a classical pose known as contrapposto. Perched upon a hill overlooking vines and olive trees, Castelfalfi is at the heart of an area that is famous for the production of prestigious Tuscan wine and olive oil. This is also the town where Oscar-winner director Roberto Benigni filmed some scenes from his Pinocchio, right inside the large estate once owned by the Medici family that now houses the borgo. Almost abandoned during the s, Castelfalfi was taken over by a private company several years ago, revived and made into a resort, which has maintained the features of a traditional medieval village.
It is the second largest fortress to be built in Florence. It was designed and built by Bernardo Buontalenti over a five-year period, between and , by order of Grand Duke Ferdinando I de' Medici. However, traditional and local products, such as antiques, handicrafts, glassware, leatherwork, art reproductions, jewellery, souvenirs, elaborate metal and ironwork, shoes, accessories and high fashion clothes also dominate a fair sector of Florence's economy. MUSIC - Florence became a musical centre during the Middle Ages, and music and the performing arts remain an important part of its culture.
During the Renaissance, there were four kinds of musical patronage in the city with respect to both sacred and secular music: state, corporate, church, and private. It was here that the Florentine Camerata convened in the midth century and experimented with setting tales of Greek mythology to music and staging the result. In other words, the first operas, setting the wheels in motion not just for the further development of the operatic form, but for later developments of separate "classical" forms such as the symphony. Opera was invented in Florence in the late 16th century.
The museum, founded by Frederick Stibbert contains over 36, artifacts, including a vast collection of armour from Eastern and Western stibbert museum civilizations. Stibbert's father was English and his mother Italian; he received his education in England. The Stibbert family's extreme wealth came from Frederick's grandfather, Giles Stibbert, who was the commander in chief for the British East India Company in Bengal at the end of the 18th century and ruled as governor for many years.
Frederick Stibbert inherited the entire estate from his grandfather and did not work for the rest of his life. Instead, WINE - The Chianti region is just he dedicated his life to collecting south of the city, and its Sangiovese objects, antiques, and artifacts and grapes figure prominently not only in turned his villa into a museum. When the size of the collections outgrew its Chianti Classico wines but also in many of the more recently developed the villa, Stibbert hired architect Giuseppe Poggi, painter Gaetano Bianchi Supertuscan blends.
Within 32 km to the west is the Carmignano area, and sculptor Passaglia to add on rooms. In , when Stibbert died, his also home to flavourful Sangiovese-based red wines. The celebrated collection was given to the city of Florence and was opened to the public. Chianti Rufina district, geographically and historically separated Stibbert and his family are buried at Cimitero Evangelico agli Allori, in Continued on page 40 Florence.
ECONOMY - Tourism is, by far, the most important of all industries and most of the Florentine economy relies on the money generated by international arrivals and students studying in the city. Manufacturing and commerce, however, remain highly important. David Wong service manager , Walter Botteselle service technician , Savinder Kalsi service technician. The name means wasp in Italian. From their inception, Vespa scooters have been known for their painted, pressed steel unibody which combines a complete cowling for the engine enclosing the engine mechanism and concealing dirt or grease , a flat floorboard providing foot protection , and a prominent front fairing providing wind protection into a structural unit.
Piaggio sold some 2, Vespas in , over 10, in , 20, in , and over 60, in The biggest sales promo ever was Hollywood. You can follow and admire the routes that run for about meters below the imposing mass of the Alburni mountains. The initial section of the caves is flooded by the waters of the Negro River, offering a fascinating and unusual journey by boat.
The atmosphere is surreal. Underground passages, tunnels and caverns open before the eye of the visitor who lingers on the surrounding surfaces, discovering how groups of stalactites and stalagmites are modeled from time to time in mysterious forms. IVA It is only 3 km from the medieval hamlet of Vitorchiano.
The house is situated on a rock spur with two Etruscan tombs that can still be seen today and enjoys a broad panorama that reaches as far as the Tevere valley - a very peaceful landscape of the countryside. It is surrounded by a beautiful garden, with an abundance of shrubs, flowers, secular oak trees, olive trees and vineyards. It has a large well-equipped pool with a gazebo that provides a covered area where one can enjoy cool summer breezes. On the upper level, there is a single bedroom and a double bedroom with a shower, overlooking the breathtaking panoramic view of the vineyards.
A babybed is also available. The furniture is comfortable and the ambiance is warm and welcoming. Chiaraluna is 7 km from Viterbo, 22 km from Tuscania, 48 km from Tarquinia and Cerveteri, and in the radius of 22 km are the beautiful Bolsena, Vico and Bracciano Lakes. Chiaraluna Resort is the ideal place to discover the pleasure in a holiday of relaxation and sports like trekking, mountain biking and horseback riding. The owners have taken great care in maintaining the old atmosphere and charm of the farmhouse.
Diamonds are so hard that the only tools that can be used to cut a diamond must be made from another diamond. Although often colorless, it also may appear in yellow, brown, red, pink, orange, blue, or green, from pale to intense; the more saturated the hue, the more valuable the stone.
In the short years since, Canadian diamond mines have become some of the world's leading producers. For a few dollars you can mine for a day and keep anything you find. At first the cost was very high. Now, over tons of synthetic diamonds are produced every year. Most of these diamonds are used to make cutting tools and abrasives.
The February birthstone, amethyst, is said to strengthen relationships and give its wearer courage. At one time, only royalty could wear the gem The March birthstone, aquamarine, was thought to cure heart, liver, and stomach diseases. The April birthstone, diamond, in addition to being a symbol of everlasting love, was once thought to bring courage. It has long been associated with fertility, rebirth, and love. The June birthstone, pearl, has long been a symbol of purity. The August birthstone, peridot, symbolizes strength.
It is sometimes called the evening emerald for its light green color. The September birthstone, sapphire, was once thought to guard against evil and poisoning. The November birthstone, topaz, symbolizes love and affection. The December birthstone, turquoise, is regarded as a love charm. It is also a symbol of good fortune and success. More recently, the Bolgheri region about km southwest of Florence has become celebrated for its "Super Tuscan" reds such as Sassicaia and Ornellaia. The majority of dishes are based on meat. The whole animal was traditionally eaten; tripe trippa and stomach lampredotto were once regularly on the menu and still are sold at the food carts stationed throughout the city.
The typically saltless Tuscan bread, obtained with natural levain is used frequently in Florentine courses, especially in its soups, ribollita and pappa al pomodoro, or in the salad of bread and fresh vegetables called panzanella. The bistecca alla Fiorentina is a large 40 to 50 oz T-bone steak of Chianina beef cooked over hot charcoal and served very rare with its more recently derived version, the tagliata, sliced rare beef served on a bed of arugula, often with slices of Parmesan cheese on top.
Most of these courses are generally served with local olive oil, also a prime product enjoying a worldwide reputation. Among the desserts, "schiacciata alla Fiorentina" a large, recatangular, flat sponge cake, often with a scent of orange peel and vanilla is one of the most popular; it is a very soft cake, prepared with extremely simple ingredients.
It is typically eaten during Carnival time and has a stencilled Florentine "giglio," the symbolic lily of Florence, dusted over the top in powdered sugar. Another famous dessert is cantuccini di Prato hard almond cookies similar to biscotti dipped in vinsanto a dessert wine made Florentine sponge cake from raisins. With a history dating back to the Etruscans and Phoenicians, the province achieved considerable power and influence in the Mediterranean in the 12th and 13th centuries. In the 11th century, it wrested control of Sardinia, the start of a political and artistic influence not to be relinquished for centuries.
Some of the great wealth the city accumulated between the 11th and 13th centuries was lavished on gigantic building projects such as the Campo dei Miracoli religious complex, including their sculptural decoration commissioned from masters such as Nino Pisano 12th century and Giovanni Pisano 13th century.
In , however, Pisa suffered a terrible defeat at the hands of the Genoese in the sea battle of Meloria. The results were political and economic decline and inevitably from on complete dependence on Florence. Under the Medici grand dukes, however, recovery was swift at least economically, due to enlarging of the port, and, culturally, after the University of Pisa was opened. The name Piazza dei Miracoli. Its characteristic inclination is not a recent phenomenon, having begun almost as soon as work on the project got underway probably due to land slippage, a common phenomenon in the Pisan territory.
However, the fact that it shows no sign of diminishing has prompted the city to sponsor studies aimed at stabilizing the situation. So far, despite the efforts of engineers and architects all over the world, no solution has been found. Galileo made use of the tilt for his famous gravitation experiments and used the tower as an observatory. At the top is a wonderful belfry by Tommaso di Andrea of Pontedera. Mary of the Assumption. The cathedral has two aisles on either side of the nave.
The transept consists of three aisles. The church is also known as the Primatial, the archbishop of Pisa being a Primate since It set the model for the distinctive Pisan Romanesque Campo dei Miracoli's lovely medieval ensemble. Begun in by Giovanni style of architecture. The mosaics of the interior, as well as the pointed di Simone, the vast marble arcades of this long, rectangular building are arches, show a strong Byzantine influence. The door of Saint Rainerius said to enclose soil brought back to Pisa during the Crusades from the hill is decorated with 24 bronze relief where Jesus was crucified.
This door is its once famous frescoes, leaving one of the first produced in Italy only traces of scenes depicting The during the Middle Ages, after the Triumph of Death Above the doors are Duomo, Baptistry, and Camposanto. Cast in The tomb of Buscheto is found bronze by Moorish craftsmen, to the left of the north door of this statue was looted by Pisan the facade. Galileo is believed to adventurers during the wars have formulated his theory about against the Saracens.
There are also the movement of a pendulum works by both Nicola and Giovanni by watching the swinging of the Pisano, notably Giovanni's ivory Incense Lamp not the present Virgin and Child , carved for one hanging from the ceiling of the Duomo's high altar. JOHN - This enormous building is one of the tallest spina from Christ's crown is preserved in a 16th-century tabernacle religious buildings in Pisa. It is situated in Square of Miracles. The circular which, along with a sculpture by Tommaso Pisano, adorns the interior.
Baptistry, a graceful counterpoint to the Duomo, was begun in along The building, moved here from its original location right on the water to Romanesque lines and finished a century later - after a delay caused by a protect it from floods, is embellished with sculptural decoration executed shortage of money - in a more ornate Gothic style by Nicola and Giovanni by followers of Giovanni Pisano. The the same name, San Miniato al Monte, sometimes you will find the phrase pillars that support the pulpit feature statues of the Virtues.
These two words make reference to Frederick marble font is by Guido da Como. The baptistery has been built by II who among many other positions and titles, was the King of Germany utilizing white marble, which gives it a look of splendor. The Rocca, one of his many architectural contributions to Italy, was totally destroyed in LEANING TOWER - Known worldwide for its unintended tilt WWII after the German army decided to eliminate the threat it posed for Construction of the belltower, the symbol of Pisa throughout the world, its potential sharpshooter position for the allies and was then completely was begun in , under the supervision of Bonanno, and completed rebuilt in It now sits in the middle of a large grassy field which is two centuries later.
It stands 60m tall and is inclined 5m off perpendicular. During the last three weeks of November, San Miniato hosts a festival devoted to the gastronomically precious white truffle which is harvested in the area around the city. In a recordbreaking truffle found close to the nearby village of Balconevisi weighed in at 2, grams 5. In , a pioneering experiment in geothermal energy production was carried out here and, in , the world's first geothermal power plant was built in the Devil's Valley, characterized by white steam coming from the soil, boiling waters and a landscape that resembles the surface of the moon.
It is home to animal species - This is a former Carthusian such as boars, foxes, and deer. The monastery or charterhouse. In protected area extends along the , the University of Pisa moved coastal area in the provinces of Pisa its natural history museum here. It now houses one of the largest the devil's valley constitute two vast wooded zones bountiful with collections of cetacean skeletons in Europe, while plant and animal species. There is a very special organic halls dedicated to dinosaurs are being set up.
The area surrounding the hives is uncontaminated and rich in Mediterranean vegetation. Its typical Pisan Romanesque facade features blind arches and renowned for its geothermal productivity and known since ancient times arcading. The interior has a single-aisle plan. The capitals atop the for its volcanic nature and phenomenal hot springs. The most interesting Valley for the boiling water that rises there, already known features are a tomb, made from a Roman sarcophagus, a 14th at the time of Dante Alighieri who was inspired by these century Virgin and Child by Turino Vanni, and a landscapes for his "Hell" in the Divine Comedy.
Around , Lardarel perfected the boric acid extraction from the sludge of so-called "lagoni" big lakes. The area was already known by the Romans, who used its sulphur springs for bathing, then used it to extract boric acid during the. We keep it simple and treat you like family. Since we have provided exceptional service and support to both home and commercial clients. We take pride in our ability to deliver quality components with intelligent configurations at prices that meet your budget. Detached from the main building is the Chapel of Saint Agnes, a 12th-century brick structure with an unusual pyramid-shaped cusp roof.
In the early 15th century, Ugolino da Montecatini recommended. After the middle of the 16th century, the square became the headquarters of the Order of the Knights of St. Now it is a centre of education, being the main house of the Scuola Normale di Pisa, a higher learning institution in Pisa. Its territory is also crossed by the Scolmatore dell'Arno canal, and by the Roglio, an Era's tributary. Pontedera was the seat of several historical battles. On June 11th , Pontedera was the scene of a pyrrhic victory in the last effort by the Republic of Siena to retain its independence, when Piero Strozzi won against the Florentines.
Two months later he was decisively defeated at the Battle of Marciano, an event which marked the end of the Senese independence. Pontedera houses the headquarters of the Piaggio motor scooters company. The famous Castellani wine company founded in , is a family thermal baths of san giuliano run business also headquartered in Pontedera. It these waters for the treatment of various disorders.
After a period of produces wine from five main Tuscan estates, as well as from areas decline, the baths were rebuilt in the 18th century, under the government throughout Italy, and is distributed internationally in 42 countries. Furthermore, the University has close relations with the Pisan Institutes of the National Board of Research, with many cultural institutions of national and international importance, and with industry, especially that of information technology, which went through a phase of rapid expansion in Pisa during the s and 70s.
Although formally founded in , there are records to indicate that the University of Pisa has been active since the 11th century. It was also the political centre in. ECONOMY - The economic system of the province of Pisa is characterized by multiple activities: industrial sectors marine, footwear, mechanical, chemical and pharmaceutical , tourism and its varied offering sea, mountain, eno-gastronomic, cultural tourism, agritourism , floriculture, local products, wine, oil and services.
Rainerius is a candlelight festival that takes place on June 16th, and the regatta takes place on June 17th, on the feast of the patron saint. The four quarters of the city challenge each other in a Regatta on the Arno in remembrance of the nautical tradition of the city. The famous Strawberries Festival in Terricciola takes place in the magnificent landscape of the Pisan hills. A typical dish of the area is a simple rustic soup called "Sullo Scio," with the "sciocco" unsalted bread.
The area is also famous for its local olive oil, prized white truffles of San Miniato, pecorino cheese of Volterra, salami, and ham. This popular cake is made with candied fruits, chocolate, pine nuts and a crust pastry. Another specialty is the Panfiato, a fruitcake made of chocolate, spices like cinnamon and ginger, dried figs and almonds. Kingdom of Italy. Two of Italy's greatest composers, Luigi Boccherini and Giacomo Puccini, were born here in the s. She is often appealed to help find lost keys. One day in the square, she came upon a cold beggar and, moved by compassion, ran to the palace to get a cloak.
Her remains lie in the church of Saint Fridianus, dressed and in full view, some plus years after her death in Zita plenty of money made its way to the building of churches. Its monumental walls The territory is traditionally divided into three main areas: Piana di built around the old city in the 16th and 17th centuries and defended Lucca, the eastern part of the province including the capital; Garfagnana, by cannons, remain in almost perfect condition.
Twelve metres high a mountainous area between the Alps and the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines; and 4km in length, the ramparts are crowned with a tree-lined footpath and Versilia, the coastal part with many tourist resorts. Growing on the circle of walls are centuries-old trees which, since the President: beginning, were planted to consolidate the enormous mass of earth. Paulinus, celebrated on July 12th hermit 6th century. Tradition names him as a son of King Ultach of Ulster.
He later became Bishop of Lucca in Italy. In the Middle Ages, it prospered on textile manufacture and trade. This period was the time of great building activity. During the Renaissance period, when banking became one of the city's chief activities, great palaces and mansions were built in and around it. The city's impressive girth of walls date from a later period 16thth centuries. In , after having withstood centuries of attempts by the Tuscans to add Lucca's territory to the grand ducal domains, Lucca succumbed to the French.
Thereafter, it was a principality governed by Elisa Baciocchi, Napoleon's sister, before becoming part of the. Several chapels of the nobility were added in the 14thth centuries. This beautiful church is filled with many notable works of art and the well-preserved body of an year-old saint. In , the first clock was installed which marked the hours with the simple striking of a bell; the clock-face was applied one century later.
Following various modifications to the works through the centuries, in the Clock Tower Republic of Lucca commissioned the clockmaker Louis Simon from Geneva to construct a modern clockwork. Two years later, with the collaboration of clockmaker Sigismondo Caturegli from Lucca, a new clock-face was installed, and all of the bells were replaced, cast by the founder Stefano Filippi from Lucca.
The hours are sounded in the Roman style from one to six and chimed by the largest bell, while the quarter-hours are sounded by the two smaller bells. Still today, after climbing the steps of the wooden stairs to the peak to admire the rooftops and towers of the city of Lucca and the surrounding mountains, it is possible to observe the 18th-century manually wound clockwork of the public clock. It is one of the most interesting, and still functioning specimens in Europe. It was due to the designing of Nottolini that Lucca gained a new open square that was just as big and as spacious as the ancient ruins on which it stood.
It is a truly magnificent work of architecture, and some the remains of the old amphitheatre can be seen just beyond the walls of the piazza. Martin was rebuilt in the Gothic style during the 14thth centuries. Its facade is adorned with impressive Romanesque sculpture. The portal sculpture is superb, especially the Nativity and Deposition of the left portal, both attributed to Nicola Pisano.
The interior is a treasure house of artworks: a 13th-century sculpture depicting St. The cathedral has always been the destination of intense pilgrimage due to the Holy Face, a wooden cross with the representation of the face of Jesus, which, according to tradition, was made by Nicodemus, a contemporary of Christ. She was a mystic, venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church since She has been called the "Daughter of Passion" because of her profound imitation of the Passion of Christ. According to a biography written by her spiritual director, the Reverend Germanus Ruoppolo, CP now a venerable , Gemma began to display signs of the stigmata on June 8, , at the age of twenty-one.
She stated that she had spoken with her guardian angel, Jesus, the Virgin Mary, and other saints - especially Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows. According to her testimonies, she sometimes received special messages from them.
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It became a museum in and a national museum in It houses an interesting archaeological collection comprised of prehistoric Etruscan and Roman ruins. The ground floor of the building boasts remains from the Etruscan necropolis discovered in The construction of the amphitheatre began in the 1st century during the rule of Emperor Claudius, and the resulting structure was grand, having fifty-four arches and the space to accommodate nearly ten thousand spectators when they came to see the games.
In the 19th century, the architect Lorenzo Nottolini was commissioned to rebuild and revive the piazza based on the Roman St Martin Cathedral. The ancient trees are holm oaks symbolizing rebirth and renewal. The tower has been donated to the local government by the descendants of the Guinigi family. The top of the tower is reached by climbing 25 flights of stairs to a total of steps. Along the interior walls, numerous paintings depicting scenes of medieval life were placed. From the top of the tower, you can enjoy excellent views of the city center and the surrounding hills. On top of the tower, there is a roof garden in which seven trees were.
During the 19th-century, due to the influence of the successive directors in charge of the institution over the years, the garden became the centre for scientific research which gave a great contribution to the region and its knowledge of flowers. The garden is roughly triangular and is set within a corner of Lucca's city wall, and organized into two main sections.
One contains the garden with an arboretum, pond, and smaller plantings; the other contains the greenhouse, botanical school, and laboratories. The Cesare Bicchi Botanical Museum contains a herbarium and archive. Roads wind around precipitous, jagged peaks and through old stone villages. The largest towns in the region are Barga and Castelnuovo di Garfagnana, but settlement is mostly a matter of small and scattered communities, whose orchards, vineyards and grazing lands are separated by oak and chestnut forests.
The Garfagnana and Lunigiana were struck by a powerful earthquake on September 7th On the Apuane is a famous grotto, the Grotta del. Vento with an exceptional variety of underground karst aspects ranging from living and shining stalactites and stalagmites. People have known of this current since the 17th century, as the cave was used to keep food cool. It was probably designed by a Genoese architect for the Moriconi family, a merchant family of Lucca who traded in silk and wanted to show off their wealth with a sumptuous palace inside the city walls. In the house passed into the ownership of the Contronis, another merchant family.
It was in this phase, in , that a number of changes were made, including the addition of the splendid outside staircase. The house took the name of the Pfanner family in when it was acquired by the Austrian brewer whom Charles Louis Bourbon had invited to Lucca in to direct the brewing of beer in the town. The brewery, which produced beer according to the old German tradition, was operative until Inside we can admire the splendid monumental hall, frescoed in the 18th century, and a collection of surgical instruments which belonged to a member of the Pfanner family, a physician who was also mayor of Lucca from to However, the most charming, fascinating and poetical part of the house is the marvelous Italian-style garden, created in , perhaps by Filippo Juvarra.
A series of exotic and Mediterranean plants, lawns, pools, statues of the four elements and the four seasons, a Roman sarcophagus, pines, fruit trees and magnolias follow one another in a carefully designed arrangement, bounded by a hedge surrounding the entire garden.
Currently, the building is used for exhibitions and concerts. With the expansion of theater arts, in the. It was inaugurated in under the name Public Theater. In , it suffered a disastrous fire but, in , the theater was restored according to the original plan. Ceiling frescoes by Angelo Livoratti and a new stage designed by Silvano Barbati were added. In , restructuring began, carried out by architect Giovanni Lazzarini and engineer Lorenzo Nottolini. Major reconstruction has allowed the restoration of the original environments to create a museum that documents the life and works of the musician.
In the museum, there is also the outfit of Turandot, made according to the figurine of Umberto Brunelleschi and worn by soprano Maria Jeritza for Continued on page It was with this instrument that the musician composed his last opera, Turandot. Currently, the museum also organizes concerts and musical events. Proceeding north-south, the first town you encounter is Forte dei Marmi which originated around an 18th-century fortress and which once served as the embarkation port for the marble quarried in nearby Carrara.
Viareggio, Tuscany's major resort, has long been renowned for its fine sand beach, pinewoods, and shipyards.
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Elegant shops, restaurants, and outdoor cafes line its fashionable promenade. The locality was noted for the first time in an official document of CE with the name of "Corsena", with reference to a donation by the Bishop Teudogrimo of the territory of Bagni di Lucca to Fraolmo of Corvaresi. The area is rich in chestnut forests, mentioned in the past by the Roman poet Virgil.
From the first half of the 19th-century, royalty and nobles from across Europe flocked to the town, not just because of the therapeutic powers of the. Over the course of centuries, many illustrious figures have passed through, including poets such as Byron, Shelley and Montale; writers such as Dumas, Heine, Lamartine and Ouida, the great Paganini, and nobles including Matilda of Tuscany and Federico II, as well as Napoleon Bonaparte and his beautiful sister, Paolina.
Its main characteristic is given by the parade of floats and masks, usually made of paper-pulp, depicting caricatures of popular people, such as politicians, showmen, and athletes. The symbol of the carnival and its official mask is Burlamacco, designed and invented by Uberto Bonetti in This formed the basis of the later Order of Saint James of Altopascio.
This, founded by Matilda of Canossa between and , was one of the first of the Military Orders; it existed for years, in which it had considerable social, political and military influence, and though gaining land in various European countries retained its strong ties to the town where it was founded. It is famous for the battle of Altopascio in in which the Ghibelline leader Castruccio Castracani defeated the Florentines Guelphs led by Ramon de Cardona. Thanks to his victory, he became duke of Lucca. The Spedale declined starting from the 16th century, until Grand Duke Peter Leopold suppressed it in , to favour that in Pescia.
Today, Altopascio is famous for its renowned ceramic art, iron processing, weaving wicker and straw, stringed weeding with marsh grass and the ancient art of furniture. It has also been known as the bread city since its early days when it was necessary to offer assistance to the Continued on page The castle, first Etruscan and then Roman, became the property of the Verrazzano family.
A young Giovanni Verrazzano discovered the bay of New York and the majority of the east coast of America. Today, the Castle belongs to the Cappellini family, producers of wine thanks to the 52 hectares of vineyards. The harvest, which usually takes place between September 25th and October 25th, is done exclusively by hand through a careful selection of grapes. It is possible to visit the cellars, via the wide range of tours in the area. The bridge is a remarkable example of medieval engineering, probably commissioned by Countess Matilda of Tuscany c. It was renovated c. The largest span is The bridge is also described in a 14th-century novella by Giovanni Sercambi of Lucca.
Circa it took on the name of Ponte della Maddalena, from an oratory dedicated to Mary Magdalene, whose statue stood at the foot of the bridge on the eastern bank. In the General Council of the Republic of Lucca issued a decree prohibiting passage over the bridge with millstones and sacks of flour to preserve the structure. In , after being badly damaged during a flood, the bridge underwent urgent repair work.
In the early s in order to make room for the surfaced roadway, an additional arch was added to the right-hand section, considerably altering the original design. The hamlets are located on the lands that once corresponded to the eastern territories of the Republic of Lucca. Most of those hamlets date back to medieval times. The most populated village is not the town of Capannori, but the hamlet of Marlia. Colognora di Compito was featured in the film Miracle at St.
Visiting Capannori is a special treat in spring when the Mostra delle Antiche Camelie della Lucchesia, the annual camellia festival, takes. The oak tree of pinocchio. Its trunk measures over 4m and reaches the height of 25m. It is recognized as a monumental tree of Italy, and it also appears on NATO maps as a military point of reference.
Two legends originated from its peculiar shape. The first one tells that the oak was the meeting point of witches, who danced and celebrated their rites on its top. The presence of the witches on the top of the oak had not allowed for the full growth of the branches, giving the tree its particular flat shape, with horizontal branches. The oak would then be the place where Pinocchio is hanged by the assassins who wanted to steal his gold coins. It is also the place where Pinocchio meets the Cat and the Fox, who later convinced him to plant his coins in the Field of Miracles to grow a tree with gold coins.
For this reason, the tree is also called Oak of Pinocchio. Barga is located in the Tuscan-Apennine hills at m above sea level,. For its historical, artistic and touristic importance, Barga has received several awards, including "One of the Most Beautiful Villages in Italy," "Orange Flag Touring Club" and "Cittaslow," all leading standards in the tourism industry.
One of the novel's main characters got the family name "Barga". The fortress of Cerruglio played a strategic role in the wars of the 14th-century between Lucca, Pisa and Florence and it was from the fortress which Castruccio Castracani, Lord of Lucca, directed his troops by bringing them to victory in the battle of Altopascio of The fortress was enlarged first by Paolo Guinigi, Lord of Lucca, and subsequently by. Montecarlo is also the birth place of Armando De Dominicis, pioneer of Italian aviation, to which the municipality in the year has dedicated the park of San Salvatore, by placing thereon a plaque to his name.
Lucca Summer Festival takes place annually in July and always welcomes some of the most popular and renowned musicians, singers and bands from all around the world. The Holy Cross Celebration, held on September 14th is a procession that leaves from the Basilica of Saint Fridianus and winds its way through the city to get to the Cathedral of San Martino, where the Holy Cross is preserved.
Mercatini in Cortile Markets in the Courtyard is an annual event held in the Foro Boario three times a year to exhibit and exchange vintage objects. This festival has been going for more than 50 years. It is a crossbow tournament among the three districts composing the city. Silk has been manufactured since about the end of the 11th century. Other industries include flour milling and the production of tobacco, paper, textiles, jute goods, plaster, and wine.
The Serchio used for waterpower, and an aqueduct carries the water supply from the Pisan mountains. CUISINE - Lucca cuisine is linked to its agricultural traditions and based on a variety of raw materials and local agricultural products, as well as its fertile countryside. The cuisine is simple and genuine.
Among some popular dishes is the hearty faro soup similar to barley with beans, rabbit cooked in many forms from baked to braised to fried. Baccala cod is another specialty. The classic Lucchese dish is Tortelli Lucchese homemade egg pasta stuffed with seasonal meat and served with a rich tomato and beef ragu. The province was formed in with land from the provinces of Pisa and Genoa. The coastline of the area is known as "Costa degli Etruschi" Etruscan Coast.
It is a highly significant port for tourism and trading, and a number of watchtowers are located nearby the city. At Calafuria, the sea contains sponges, shellfish, fish, and protected red coral Corallium rubrum. The town Marina di Bibbona was initially founded as a fort due to its strategic coastal position.
The fort was built by the grand duchy of Tuscany in the second part of the 18th century. The town of San Vincenzo contains a 14th century tower for strategic reasons. The Port of Livorno is considered a major Italian port along the Tyrrhenian Sea Corridor, capable of handling all kinds of vessels LoLo, RoRo, liquid bulk, dry bulk, cruise ships, ferryboats. It is located in the centre of Livorno, in the district of New Venice. It is entirely frescoed by Cesare Maffei, making it one of the biggest frescoed churches of Tuscany. The altar chapel of the church contains a painting by Giorgio Vasari.
Cathedral of st francis of assisi. Giulia of Corsica, celebrated on May 22nd. One of the most iconic images of Livorno is the Terrazza Mascagni, an immeasurably great structure with a stunning view over the sea. Livorno is not just a beach town but also a busy port town and has been since the second half of the 16th century. Livorno suffered extensive damage during World War II. Many historic sites and buildings were destroyed by bombs of the Allies preceding their invasion, including the cathedral and the synagogue. The port is also an important employer. The original plan was drawn up by Bernardo Buontalenti when he projected the new town.
The construction began in June on a reviewed plan by Alessandro Pieroni under the direction of Antonio Cantagallina. The church had a rectangular plan with a single nave. The original wooden ceiling, executed from to , was carved by Vincenzo Ricordati and gilded with seven inserted paintings.
The district was founded in under the Medici. It retains much of its original Continued on page Address Change? Located in the heart of Livorno, the Venice district represents the true ancient center of the town, as it was in the 17th and 18th centuries. Two forts, Fortezza Vecchia and Fortezza Nuova, mark the boundary of the district on either end. The large glass skylight covering the roof, meticulously restored to its previous splendor in , makes the Carlo Goldoni Theatre, situated in the heart of Livorno, one of a kind. The theatre, which has fascinated visitors with its neo-classical style and elegant interior since , presents a new season of over evenings from October to May.
The theater, which is also the site of training, research and production workshops, is managed by the City of Livorno. It is the most famous monument of Livorno and is located in Piazza Micheli. Created by Pietro Tacca, the monument took its name from the four bronze statues of "Moorish" slaves that are found at the base of an earlier work, consisting of the statue of Ferdinando I and its monumental pedestal.
Only in , the area was turned into a large square, thanks to the design of the engineer Enrico Salvais. This beautiful square overlooking the sea, with its very special checkered floor, is one of the most beautiful places in the city: from here you can enjoy a breathtaking view, admire the shades of blue waves against the sky and soak in the sunset. The 11th-century tower was incorporated inside the fort built by the Pisans. The castle has been described as a "symbol of Medicean Livorno. The ceremony proclaiming Livorno a city took place inside the fortress on March 19, Three years later a small cemetery and an oratory were built at the rear of the church, of which only the oratory now remains.
The 16th century saw the first stone being laid to construct this port city, which was to become one of the major ports during the 16th to 18th century. The Grand Duke Ferdinando promised very favorable conditions such as complete religious freedom, tax exemption, and unlike many other cities in Tuscany, Jews did not have to live in a ghetto.
Under these conditions, the Jewish population grew from , in to 3, by Jews became involved in a variety Continued on page Castle of Vincigliata Florence - It was first mentioned in , when it was the property of the Vinsdomini and Alessandri families. For years, the castle was sold and gambled among the most important families of Florence, and ultimately it was almost destroyed.
In , the ruins caught the attention of a young English Lord, John Temple Leader, who - walking in the hills of Fiesole - came across the picturesque and fascinating ruins of the castle and decided to buy it. Sir John called the most famous artisans, sculptors, masons, glaziers and painters of Florence, who contributed to the reconstruction of the castle following the medieval style.
The Vincigliata Castle was reborn and Sir John Temple Leader set up his precious museum with frescoes and bas-reliefs. Today, the beautiful castle is used mainly for weddings. With fabrications for over restaurants, food factories, hotel kitchens and banquet halls, New Century Sheet Metal has been committed to assisting our customers with both standard and custom products and designs since We repair antique to modern lighting from simple re-wiring to full restoration.
As the Jews of Livorno prospered news of their fame and fortune spread so much that Louis 14th, King of France, offered to resettle the whole community in Marseilles. Livorno boasts a spectacularly designed synagogue called Tempio Maggiore , Jewish museums and cemeteries, as well as some superb local Jewish dishes. Livorno became a vibrant, cosmopolitan city, home not only to a considerable Jewish community, but also to Greek, Armenian, Dutch, German, Swiss, French, Irish and British merchants.
New Fortress of Livorno. The construction of the fortress dates back to the 16th century, when the architect Buontalenti was commissioned by the Medici government to draw up a plan for the new city of Livorno. In the works for the construction of the city and its defensive system were started, but it was only decided around to strengthen the military by building what would later be called the New Fortress. The fortress was finished in Until the early years of the 20th century, on the embankment in the center of the fortress, there was a cannon fired to announce pm - noon.
Right on the seafront, it is within the magnificent Mascagni Terrace area, in front of the Ligurian Sea Cetacean Sanctuary, comprising this stretch of the water. The aquarium has 33 exhibition tanks containing animals of different species. It contains a permanent exhibition about the Jewish School of Livorno in , as well as antique furnishings from the old 17th-century synagogue destroyed during World War II which used to be the most important synagogue in the Mediterranean area. Afterward, an English fleet under Captain Richard Badley, which Appleton had been trying to reach, came up but was outnumbered and fled.
The battle gave the Dutch command of the Mediterranean, placing the English trade with the Levant at their mercy. One of the Dutch captains at the battle was the son of Lieutenant-Admiral Maarten Tromp, Cornelis Tromp, who became a famous admiral himself. ECONOMY - The city and port have continued as an important destination for travelers and tourists attracted to its historic buildings and setting. Eni petrochemical, produces gasoline, diesel fuel, fuel oil and lubricants. The former Whitehead Alenia Sistemi Subacquei WASS plant produces: heavy and light torpedoes, anti torpedo countermeasure systems for submarines and ships, and sonar systems for underwater surveillance.
The factory was founded by Robert Whitehead in in Fiume, and produced for the first time torpedoes sold all around the world. Other industries include ship building and pharmaceuticals. The city has its variation of bouillabaisse: a fiery, tomato-based seafood stew called cacciucco. The Galliano brand is currently owned by Dutch distiller Lucas Bols and marketed through its worldwide distribution joint venture, Maxxium. The province of Arezzo or Arretium is the easternmost province in the Tuscany region of northern Italy.
Its capital is the city of Arezzo. Donatus of Arezzo, celebrated on August 7th. Arezzo is a fertile plain near the confluence of the Chiana and Arno rivers southeast of Florence. This important Etruscan city was known to the Romans as Arretium and was noted for its red-clay Arretine pottery. A flourishing commune in the Middle Ages, it fell to Florence in and later became part of the grand duchy of Tuscany.
After a short period of French rule during the Napoleonic Wars, the rule of the Habsburg grand dukes was restored until Arezzo became part of Italy in The city was severely damaged in World War II. The people of Arezzo built a thriving industry of jewelers and goldsmiths and today, it houses the world's largest gold manufacturing plant and one of the biggest jewelry industries in Europe.
Second to jewelry is furniture making and marketing antiques. This town attracts many tourists to its beautiful works of art and preserves a medieval structure of deep artistic and historical value. The Chimera is a bronze statue that was found in Arezzo in It is one of the most beautiful examples we have of ancient Etruscan art, probably from 5th century BC.
British art historian David Ekserdjian said the sculpture "is one of the most arresting of all animal sculptures and the supreme masterpiece of Etruscan bronze-casting. The Petrarch statue was originally part of a larger sculptural group representing a fight between a Chimera and Greek hero Bellerophon. This sculpture was likely created as a votive offering to the Greek god Tinia. Piazza Grande - This town square, also known as Piazza Vasari, is one of the most beautiful in Tuscany, thanks to the buildings coming from different periods in history that overlook the piazza like a stage setting.
The building was designed by Giorgio Vasari and was finished in the building stands out for its simplicity of the architectural lines and the great elegance of its porch. Piazza Grande now hosts the Saracen Joust twice a year, the historic event held in June and September which recreates the chivalrous competition that dates to the Middle Ages. The whole city turns up in medieval costume to recreate the atmosphere of medieval Arezzo as the quarters of the city compete against each other in a joust to win the Golden Lance.
Every first weekend of the month, on Saturday and Sunday, the Square also hosts the major Antiques Fair, one of the most important of its kind in Italy, established in He was a sculptor, an architect and a painter. In Vasari bought the house while it was still being built. He was responsible for the project, the decorations, and the furnishings, still in the house today. In the two-storey house was ready and in , it was all complete in its details, when he married Nicolosa Bacci.
But Vasari couldn't live there for long, as he constantly had to move to Florence and Rome, following his protectors wishes and carrying out his works. In Vasari definitively settled in Florence with his wife where he lived for twenty years, until his death. In this house, he used to keep his collection of works of art. In it was restored and became a museum, containing an archive with letters by Michelangelo, Pius V and Cosmo I, 16th-century Tuscan paintings, frescoes and portraits by Vasari, a model of the Palazzo delle Logge and works by Flemish artists.
The Cathedral, however, lost the relics of Donatus, which were transferred to the church of San Donato in Castiglione Messer Raimondo in what is now the province of Teramo. In spite of this, the church is still entitled to St. Donatus and houses, at the high altar, a 14th-century arch named after him.
The theme chosen for the sequence of wall frescoes was "Legend of the True Cross," a medieval story about the cross on which Jesus was crucified. Also from the same century is the lunette with the Virgin between Two Angels and the sculptures of the months over the main portal. The interior has a nave, and two aisles, with a transept, also added in the 13th century.
In the following century chapels, niches and frescoes were added, including the polyptych of Virgin with Child and Saints by Pietro Lorenzetti In the crypt is a relic bust of St. Donatus From the same epoch is the hexagonal baptismal font, with panels of the Histories of St. John the Baptist, by Giovanni d'Agostino. The Pieve was again renovated by Giorgio Vasari in The old town centre has retained its artistic heritage with nearly all the impressive buildings dating back to the period between the Middle Ages and the 16th-century.
The historical centre 'Il Borgo" is full of beautiful Renaissance churches and the town hosts the Palio della Ballestra, a crossbow tournament between local archers and rivals from the nearby Umbrian town of Gubbio. I will invent words that have the rhythm of love, of anger of tears.
I will invoke loudly of having warm hands that know how to give caresses. I will find my old way of writing poetry for you, that like me, you searched for. I will dry these sad tears of man on your clean sweet-smelling linens. And when I hug you close to me, you lady will not find dying sadness. Lets repeat the stories of a life, of tomorrow lets start today to live it together. By now the cocoon has set the butterfly free.
Quanto ne sai di "Letteratura Inglese"?
Not a sign of praise reaches your heart, only some thought from the happy one beside you. In the evening you recharge your aspect of a wife, of a mother and of a nurse of an immense and sweet smile, if only to tear away the pain that with pity, you live, and that hits your heart, my only one, sweet and dear lady. I do not love the tears that run down your cheeks nor your silence or the sadness that has been with you for some time.
Leave your youthful vigor alive in my heart. Composed, serene, encouraging you tore away my redness; then, together for the world. I will remain the one of the first kiss, the one who extended his hand out to ease the climb the one of the unripe plums that I would steal, that's how you liked them. I was a different man for the caresses and for the love that you never let me ask for. I was the man of your smile and of your first tears, the one who cleared the shadows that fall on every love. Will I remain a well of memories? Everything hollows, or escapes with time that cancels years.