Nanostructures and Nanoconstructions based on DNA (Liquid Crystals Book Series)

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  2. Nanostructures and Nanoconstructions based on DNA - CRC Press Book
  3. Nanoconstructions Based on Spatially Ordered Nucleic Acid Molecules
  4. Smart Hybrid Nanomaterials Based on Silicaand Metal Ions/Nanoparticles Conjugates For Biosensing

Blue Pigment from Engineered Fungi Could Help Turn the Textile Industry Green A new platform for producing blue pigment could provide a sustainable alternative to conventional synthetic dyes. Scientists Hit Pay Dirt with New Microbial Research Technique A better method for studying microbes in the soil will help scientists understand large-scale environmental cycles. Plants' Oil-Production Accelerator Also Activates the Brakes Scientists discover seemingly paradoxical mechanism for regulating oil synthesis.

University Research News. Researchers Build Catalyst to Generate Electrical Energy From Ethanol Researchers at the University of Arkansas have developed a highly efficient catalyst for generating electrical energy from ethanol. Welcome to CRCPress. Please choose www. Your GarlandScience. The student resources previously accessed via GarlandScience.

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About the Series

Evolutionally optimized biomolecules and their complexes present attractive objects in the production of functionalized nanoobjects. Indeed, nucleic acid-based molecules are primary candidates as building blocks for development of nanoscale systems and devices. Written for chemists, physicists, molecular biologists, and students in related fields, Nanostructures and Nanoconstructions Based on DNA covers specific properties of metallic nanoparticles, and compares their properties with those related to nanoobjects formed by biological molecules.

It also discloses details of formation and physicochemical peculiarities of the DNA nanostructures and DNA-based nanoconstructions. Furthermore, the book considers:. This interdisciplinary reference identifies and elucidates the most influential developments in chemical genomics for improved research and advancement in a diverse array of fields ranging from proteomics, bioinformatics, and microfluidics to drug discovery and toxicology.

The book tracks the emergence of a large variety of novel techniques such as the small-molecule drugability of new targets, the generation and synthesis of small-molecule libraries, and the determination of targets and mechanisms by genomic profiling. With contributions from a stellar panel of experts, this book discusses neuropeptides and their role in neurodegeneration and neuroprotection.

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It describes important features of the endogenous neuropeptide systems regarding their formation, receptor signaling, and inactivation. It includes chapters focused on design and development of peptide-like drugs, peptidomimetics, as well as mechanisms of peptide transport over biological barriers, oxidative stress, and cognitive enhancement, all topics of enormous interest in the field. Presenting crucial information on the state-ofthe-science in trans-ungual drug delivery, this comprehensive overview provides a useful tool to assist in the development of products to treat and solve nail diseases.

A growing area of pharmaceutical research, the search for efficient delivery techniques that can cross the nail barrier has yielded several effective strategies. Discussing existing techniques, ongoing research, new approaches, and basic concepts in trans-ungual drug delivery, this book summarizes the current knowledge and represents a jumping-off point for creating novel techniques of drug delivery across the nail.

This book describes emerging, non-conventional methods for probing the interactions of small molecules with nucleic acids as well as modern computational methods for assessment. In addition, this book can inspire young scientists to continue and advance these methods into fruition. It contains a judicious mix of both spectroscopic and chemical methods of characterization of natural products.

The main objective is to provide students with experimental details for the successful isolation of different types of natural products. All the experiments have been successfully class tested. Gordon M. Cragg, David G. Kingston, and David J. Newman Praise for the Previous Edition: "The book brings home to us not only the amazing chemical complexity of the natural world but also the vast reservoir of potential new healing agents that yet remain to be tapped.

This impressive work, which maintains a uniformly high standard throughout, will be of major benefit to a wide readership… It seems likely that it will remain the definitive work in its genre for many years to come. Flavonoids exert a multiplicity of biological effects on humans and can have beneficial implications for numerous disease states. This volume examines current knowledge regarding the absorption, metabolism, and bioavailability of individual flavonoids and related phenolic compounds.

This research provides a reliable starting point for further inquiry and experimentation. The approach to drug discovery from natural sources has yielded many important new pharmaceuticals inaccessible by other routes. In many cases the isolated natural product may not be an effective drug for any of several reasons, but it nevertheless may become a drug through chemical modification or have a novel pharmacophore for future drug design. In summarizing the status of natural products as cancer chemotherapeutics, Anticancer Agents from Natural Products, Second Edition covers the:.

This book covers the current clinically used anticancer agents that are either natural products or are clearly derived from natural product leads. It also reviews drug candidates currently in clinical development since many of these will be clinically used drugs in the future. The deregulation of dietary supplements and natural products marketing by the FDA has widened the natural products market in Europe and worldwide.

Whilst the discussion about the validity of the plant approach to nutrition and diseases treatment continues, the explosion of the use of whatever is considered "natural" has generated concern about effectiveness and danger. Brings awareness to the many problems facing the development of medicinal herbal products, such as quality control, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic issues This book takes readers on a rational path for development of efficacious medicinal herbal products. It points out the many problems facing the development of these products, such as quality control, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic issues.

It suggests areas where future developments should occur given healthcare needs and public health considerations. The first edition of Bioactive Compounds from Natural Sources was published in a period of renewed attention to biologically active compounds of natural origin. This trend has continued and intensified—natural products are again under the spotlight, in particular for their possible pharmacological applications.

Largely focusing on natural products as lead compounds in drug discovery, Bioactive Compounds from Natural Sources, Second Edition: Natural Products as Lead Compounds in Drug Discovery is a completely new volume containing surveys of selected recent advances in an interdisciplinary area covering chemistry of natural products, medicinal chemistry, biochemistry, and other related topics.

Written by some of the most reputed scientists in the field, this second edition includes new chapters from authors who contributed to the first edition as well as many chapters compiled by new authors. This book discusses the structure, synthesis, and reactivity of heterocyclic compounds. It covers nomenclature, conformational aspects, aromatic stabilization and biological activity of heterocyclic compounds. The book also includes discussions of biochemical processes involving destruction of heterocyclic rings.

Nanostructures and Nanoconstructions based on DNA - CRC Press Book

Textbook of Organic Chemistry employs a deductive approach and reduces the need to learn by rote. Each chapter has been developed in a logical and interesting manner that facilitates easy reading and understanding. This book focuses on green conditions, such as reactions under microwave irradiation, sonication, and the use of different green solvents and green catalysts including PTC and crown ethers. It covers two of the most important carbon-carbon bond forming reactions: the Baylis-Hillman reaction and the Friedal-Crafts reaction. Useful in the glycosciences, this book presents reliable protocols for the preparation of synthetic carbohydrates.

Featuring worldwide contributors and a well-known series editor, the text presents new or older, not easy to find protocols generally useful to those interested in synthetic carbohydrate chemistry. Oxidation plays a crucial role in organic synthesis. This volume presents the array of oxidizing agents and their applications in oxidations. The book describes in great detail a number of reagents of importance.

The text includes oxidation of specific types of organic compounds, enzymatic or microbial oxidations, and oxidations under benign conditions. Andrew P.

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Leading contributors address such topics as the elimination of solvents in the organic laboratory, organic reactions under aqueous conditions, organic reactions in non-aqueous media, and organic reagents. The first comprehensive book on lipidomics, this long-awaited work inventories the huge variety of lipid molecules present in all aspects of life. It uses sensitive analytical techniques, such as mass spectrometry, to characterize structures and simplify the association of names with their appropriate structures. Fulfilling the spirit of inclusiveness, it details structures from marine ecosystems, little known structures from bibliographic data, cultural references and context, biological functions, and possible pharmacological properties.

A true textbook rather than just a catalog, it is highly informative and educational while simultaneously being anecdotal and interesting to read. More than 35 percent larger, this revision of the bestselling first edition provides comprehensive information on 40, compounds found in food. Simple lipids with two components. Complex Lipids: Phospholipids. Complex Amino Lipids. Selected Contents: For each entry, the dictionary includes: Food Source.

Food Function. Food Use. Regulatory Information.

Liquid Crystals, Types of Liquid Crystal, What is Liquid Crystal

Physical Properties. Molecular formula. Chemical Structure. Systematic and Trivial Name. An excellent introduction to the field of fat technology for students and researchers, this second edition focuses on the characterization of physical properties of fats, including laboratory protocols and quantitative treatments used to quantify structure and function. This comprehensive text covers the complex analysis of fat structure and the underlying theory, and it links analysis data to macroscopic functionality.

The text also contains a quantitative method for the characterization of polycrystalline colloidal oleogels and quantification of intercrystalline interaction forces, useful for engineering material properties for the food industry. Written by a seasoned teacher, speaker, and writer in the field of chemistry, this text provides a guide on chemicals that make life possible and enrich the senses, as well as those that endanger it.

It combines the science and history of many molecules and deals with the chemistry of each substance in an interesting and easily understandable manner. Topics covered include substances found in air and water, food, hydrocarbons, acids and alkalis, natural killers, unnatural killers, destructive molecules, pleasure molecules, man-made healers, and more.

A how-to manual for quantitative analysis of material efficiency and synthesis strategy in chemistry, this book explains quantitative material efficiency and discusses the role of metrics analysis in actualizing the principles of green chemistry. It covers graph theory as it applies to organic synthesis, the simple mathematical analysis of organic synthesis, and how synthesis plans can be ranked in an unbiased way.

The author illustrates the concepts with example target plans and classical targets considered milestones in synthetic chemistry from pharmaceuticals, dyestuffs, agrichemicals, insecticides, natural products, and molecules of theoretical interest. Suitable as an introduction or study guide, the book offers concise summaries of general chemistry concepts, easily accessible in a convenient, reader-friendly format.

It presents the minimum of what readers need to know to understand the subject. With a new editorship and expanded contents, the third edition of this bestselling handbook continues to provide an authoritative and unique resource for those working and studying in the areas of photochemistry and photobiology. Leading experts offer enlightening contributions on traditional topics, current trends, and future directions. New and updated topics in this edition include industrial and microphotochemistry, photoimmunology, artificial photosynthetic systems, phototoxicity of drugs, and more.

Covering the most important supramolecular technologies within a single volume, this book provides a comprehensive introduction for both newcomers to the field and for specialists who are looking for new applications.

Nanoconstructions Based on Spatially Ordered Nucleic Acid Molecules

The text offers a complete overview of important applications in supramolecular chemistry, which hold particular promise for future developments. Addressing students of theoretical and quantum chemistry and their counterparts in physics, this book introduces chemical physics as a gateway to fields such as photo physics, solid-state physics, and electrochemistry.

Offering relevant background in theory and applications, it covers the foundations of quantum mechanics and molecular structure, as well as more specialized topics such as transfer reactions and photochemistry. It employs numerous case studies and applications to quantum chemical problems in real, modern research including excited electronic states, biological metal centers, and condensed phase experiments.

Written for students and researchers in chemistry and physics, this reference reports on recent theoretical and experimental developments in electron-molecule collisions. It presents a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the practical aspects of electron scattering, which until now could only be found in diverse special topics reviews. This book is written in a manner that allows the non-expert understand the importance of recent developments in solving practical problems in electron scattering in fields such as plasma physics, microelectronics, DNA research, and astrochemistry.

Figures, tables, and equations are included within the chapters to aid with reader comprehension. This volume reflects the advances in theories of liquids and computer simulation techniques and the applications to systems containing solutions of proteins and nucleic acids. The book introduces analytical and computational techniques of statistical mechanics as applied to problems related to chemicals.

Organized in such a way that the various topics covered are connected to each other, this book presents physical chemistry as an interconnected discipline and not a series of unrelated concepts. The book includes information on computational applications, end-of-chapter problems, and chapters on nanotechnology and surface chemistry. This book presents a wide range of the synthetic and physical techniques used to prepare and characterize solids. The text discusses bonding, superconductivity, and electrochemical, magnetic, optical, and conductive properties.

This book uses simple language, develops the subject matter in a logical manner, and aims at getting the students to learn and apply the concepts rather than learn the physical chemistry by rote. This book provides the detailed development of the equations, which can be followed relatively easily even if one has only moderate math skills and backgrounds. The book provides interesting and inspiring examples, as well as many problems and solutions. This book provides a comprehensive presentation of the basics of plasma physics as well as new developments in the rapidly growing field of nonthermal plasma chemistry.

Carraher, Jr.

Smart Hybrid Nanomaterials Based on Silicaand Metal Ions/Nanoparticles Conjugates For Biosensing

Providing a well-rounded presentation, this book covers the principles and applications of natural, synthetic, inorganic, and organic polymers. The author shows how the basic principles of one polymer group can be applied to all other groups. This new third edition continues to address environmental concerns and green polymeric materials but also adds new material on health concerns of additives as well as additional information on the use of microbes for monomer synthesis and cracking processes in fuels. This comprehensive source provides a complete collection of thermodynamic data of polymer solutions.

It helps readers to quickly retrieve relevant information from the literature and also assists researchers in planning new measurements where data are missing. The author, who clearly explains how measurements were conducted, presents data essential for the product and use of polymers as well as for understanding the physical behavior and intermolecular interactions in polymer solution. Emphasizing the macromechanical structural level, over micromechanical issues and analyses, this unique text covers crucially important effects of environment.

It covers the effects due to temperature changes or moisture content at the outset to establish a coherent and updated knowledge base. Each chapter includes numerical example problems to illustrate the concepts presented. Updated with new examples, problems, and improved flow, this second edition includes a solutions manual for qualifying course adoptions and a suite of computer programs that implement the analyses discussed. Exploring physical phenomena, such as phase separation, this book presents methods to design polymer blends and predict the phase behavior of binary polymer blends using desktop computers.

It describes the thermodynamic basis for miscibility as well as the mathematical models used to predict the compositional window of miscibility and construct temperature versus volume-fraction phase diagrams. The book covers the binary interaction model, the solubility parameter approach, and the entropic difference model. Membrane technologies play an increasingly important role in unit operations for resource recovery, pollution prevention, and energy production, as well as environmental monitoring and quality control.

They are also key component technologies of fuel cells and bioseparation applications. Membrane Technologies and Applications provides essential data and background information on various dimensions of membrane technologies, with a major focus on their practical application. This book is designed for anyone interested in water and wastewater treatment, membrane suppliers, as well as students and academics studying the field. Boehringer-Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. For Volume 50 of this renowned series, the editors have invited established, well-known chemists from across the globe to offer cuttingedge reviews on their areas of expertise.

The clear presentation of topics and vivid illustrations for which this series has become known makes the material accessible and engaging to analytical, biochemical, organic, polymer, and pharmaceutical chemists at all levels of technical skill. K, January , pp. Synthesis and Fabrication of Different Types of Membranes. Membrane Fouling and Controlling Technologies. Membranes for Gas Separation Applications. Membranes for Water and Wastewater Applications. Membranes for Food and Beverages Industry Applications.

Membranes for Medicinal Applications. Membranes for Bio-separation of Proteins. Pervaporation Technology. Membrane Distillation. Hyphenated and Alternative Methods of Detection in Chromatography details the development and application of mass spectral detection techniques coupled with gas phase and liquid phase chromatographies. The book details the advantages and disadvantages of various separation techniques and addresses methods for cutting-edge applications such as proteomics research. This book provides a detailed reference for experienced readers as well as for those who are new to the field of separation and analysis.

Solid-state NMR is an extraordinarily powerful method that is widely applied in materials chemistry and is constantly being developed through application of new techniques and approaches. As the most exciting direction of modem materials science, the controlled design of new materials requires constant application of new methods.

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This book describes experimental problems in solid-state NMR while avoiding unnecessary theoretical details. Toca-Herrera Reviewing recent research efforts, this book explores how the combination of scanning probe microscopies with complementary techniques provides a complete description of nanoscale and mesoscale systems and processes. The text offers broad coverage of a variety of scanning probe microscopy techniques but with a specific focus on hybrid or combination methods. The authors discuss how the combination of experimental techniques can enable researchers to understand and visualize phenomena at small scales.

A CD with color images is included. Stimulated by the increasing importance of chiral molecules as pharmaceuticals and the need for enantiomerically pure drugs, techniques in chiral chemistry have been expanded and refined, especially in the areas of chromatography, asymmetric synthesis, and spectroscopic methods for chiral molecule structural characterization. In addition to synthetic chiral molecules, naturally occurring molecules, which are invariably chiral and generally enantiomerically enriched, are of potential interest as leads for new drugs.

VCD Spectroscopy for Organic Chemists discusses the applications of vibrational circular dichroism VCD spectroscopy to the structural characterization of chiral organic molecules. The book provides all of the information about VCD spectroscopy that an organic chemist needs in order to make use of the technique. The authors, experts responsible for much of the existing literature in this field, discuss the experimental measurement of VCD and the theoretical prediction of VCD.

In addition, they evaluate the advantages and limitations of the technique in determining molecular structure. Given the availability of commercial VCD instrumentation and quantum chemistry software, it became possible in the late s for chemists to use VCD in elucidating the stereochemistries of chiral organic molecules. This book helps organic chemists become more aware of the utility of VCD spectroscopy and provides them with sufficient knowledge to incorporate the technique into their own research.

Anna Rita Bizzarri and Salvatore Cannistraro Originating from protein stretching experiments, dynamic force spectroscopy DFS allows for the extraction of detailed information on the unbinding process of biomolecular complexes. It is becoming progressively more important in biochemical studies and is finding wider applications in areas such as biophysics and polymer science.

This book covers the most recent ideas and advances in the field of DFS applied to biorecognition. Leading experts in the field offer their perspectives on such important topics as atomic force microscopy, force spectroscopy, interaction geometries, and immobilization strategies.