Hindi Grammar: Hindi Learning Simplified

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Google Translate works pretty well but still makes some mistakes that you just have to look past.

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A great benefit is that you can also listen to words to learn pronunciation. From day one of learning Hindi, I took time to keep a digital record of the words I wanted to learn. I did this in a Google spreadsheet. In other words, there are no definite or indefinite articles. Three important glue words in Hindi are aur and , lekin but and ya or.

The sooner you conquer them, the better. Lesson 6: Get ready for formalities. Hindi is a formal language and there are three levels of formality. Tu is another Sanskrit cognate that speakers of romance languages will recognize! Lesson 7: Get ready to show respect. The post-fix ji is a formality token added to the end of names and responses — like, yes and no. So, in a formal situation, haan yes and nahin no become haan-ji and nahin-ji , respectively. Lesson 8: Put verbs last.

This means basic word order will be different from English — get used to putting your verbs last. Lesson 9: Gender matters. Hindi has male and female nouns. Lesson Adjectives. Adjectives come before the noun, like in English. Others stay the same. Lesson Infinitive verbs. Lesson Distance matters.

Let’s Learn Hindi! Here’s Why Hindi is Easy

Pronouns distinguish whether the subject is near or far from the speaker. They differ based on proximity. Lesson Double verbs are common. The most frequently used verb in these combination is karna , to do. Examples include shopping karna , to shop and shaddi karna , to get married. Lesson Prepositions are reversed.

Switch the order of prepositional phrases. Prepositions come after the noun because Hindi is a post-positional language. Lesson Possessives are reversed, too. You also need to switch the order of possessive phrases. Possessive, which is done with apostrophe s in English, is done with ka after the noun. Lesson Pronouns can be in the past tense.

When you form the past tense, you add ne to the pronoun. Lesson You can distinguish male and female speakers, even in writing! Men and women speak Hindi differently. Hindi is special for not only having gendered nouns, but also gendered verbs. This means males and females use different verb endings. In other words, you know the gender of the speaker in Hindi. Everyone is equal in Hindi in one respect.

Lesson Doubling up words. This feature has a vast number of uses and it often emphasizes meaning. Repeated words can also be used to request more detail. Lesson Hindi is rich in untranslatable words. Another perk of learning this beautiful and ancient language is that there are many untranslatable word in Hindi. Here, each word is given a page-long explanation. For example, here is the page for humdard. Lesson Make use of subtitles for movies. Most Bollywood movies can be viewed with English subtitles. Because of the wonderful differences between Hindi and English in word order and usage, subtitles often convey meaning rather than being exact translations.

Lesson Sing to learn Hindi. Most Bollywood songs have lyric translations posted on the web. Some even have lyric videos with Hindi and English translations so you can sing along. Lesson Remember lyrics are poetic Hindi. The language used will often be unusual Hindi in terms of vocabulary, word order and the use of figurative language. Lesson Imaginative translations. You must beware the translations from Hindi to English since the use of language can be so different.

Watch out for whether they are even correct to begin with and whether they are literal or more figurative. Lesson The original Hindi is best. Hindi is different enough from English that often, there are many possible translations. If you look at more than one translation of Bollywood lyrics online, you may find they are hardly ever exactly the same and often even wildly different. Lesson Get a proper explanation. The original Hindi, especially if you have all the depth of meaning explained by a native speaker, is always by far the most satisfying.

Lesson Study dialogues for fun. The best lines from movies are catalogued by fans all over the web. Lesson Switch to Hindi. As you soon as you know enough Hindi to do it, switch to Hindi. Take advantage of the wealth of English lessons online in Hindi. Here is an example from one of my favorite YouTube teachers teaching the weather. Google Input Tools is great at letting you switch to Devanagari in documents when you need it.

Using it can give you the practice you need to pick it up faster and stick with it once you get further along instead of falling back into latin script.

Are you learning Hindi? Acknowledgements: Thanks to my Hindi teachers Anil Mahato, Gaurav Walia and Bakshi Yashpreet, all in India, for answering questions and for checking the facts in this article. And finally One of the best ways to learn a new language is with podcasts. Read more about how to use podcasts to learn a language. Why Learn to Speak Hindi? Hindi Writing and the Hindi Alphabet — The Beautiful Script of Devanagari Hindi can be written in the Latin alphabet, which is great for learners, but you should invest the time to learn Devanagari script.

The connecting line above each word is what gives Devanagari its signature look. You can also practice conversational Hindi on your own. Aur aap? And you?

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Practice basic traveler phrases. If you plan to travel in India or an area where Hindi is spoken, you may want to brush up on several traveler phrases to help you speak to locals during your trip. You should practice these phrases with a Hindi fluent friend or a friend who is also learning Hindi so you can master the pronunciation of these phrases and terms. Learn how to order food in a Hindi restaurant. You can also practice ordering food in Hindi, which is a good way to also practice certain Hindi phrases and terms.

Audio recordings of these Hindi phrases and terms can be found on the Audible Hindi website. Join a Hindi language class. One of the best ways to learn a new language is to sign up for an in person class, where you engage with an instructor and other students at least once a week. You will be able to practice your Hindi in face to face conversations with your instructor and get hands on instruction on pronunciation and intonation.

It can also be useful to be surrounded by other students who are also learning the language, as you can all act as supports for each other and practice the language together. Look for Hindi language classes at your local college or university, or at an Indian community center in your area. Use online tools like videos and podcasts. There are many online learning tools available for beginner Hindi speakers that focus on basic words and phrases, as well as more complex elements of the language, such as conjugation, verbs, adjectives, and Hindi sounds.

Practice your Hindi with a fluent friend. If you have a friend who is fluent in Hindi, you may want to arrange weekly meetings where you get together and practice conversational Hindi.

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You can also reach out to meet up groups in your area to see if there is a Hindi group where you can practice your Hindi with a more fluent speaker. Watch Hindi films. Watch Hindi films in the comfort of your home to get better at conversational Hindi.


You can watch them with the subtitles on or off to practice listening to Hindi spoken by native speakers. You may want to start with popular films in Hindi cinema like Mughal-e-Azam frequently ranked the greatest Bollywood movie of all time , the comedy Golmaal , and the drama Kahaani. Attend Hindi cultural events in your area. Many large metropolitan areas and even smaller cities or towns will have an Indian population, who will then hold Hindi festivals and cultural events.

Learn Tenses in English Grammar with Examples - Present Tenses, Past Tenses, Future Tenses

This will give you the opportunity to meet new Hindi friends and learn more about Hindi culture. Look out for Hindi events at your local Indian cultural center or do an online search for Hindi events in your area. Yes No. Not Helpful 11 Helpful Not Helpful 25 Helpful Not Helpful 8 Helpful Somdatta Chowdhury. For male, tum mera sabshe ache dost ho. For female, tum meri sabshe achi dost ho. Not Helpful 14 Helpful Not Helpful 10 Helpful You can search for apps for your phone or on internet. There are apps where you can teach others your language and then learn theirs.

You can also take some courses from an academy. Not Helpful 12 Helpful Not Helpful 6 Helpful Both "yesterday" and "tomorrow" are "Kal" in Hindi. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 5. The definition for toy in hindi is "khilauna" and its plural is "khilaunein. Also, the translation for doll is "gudiya. Unanswered Questions. How do I say someone makes me happy in Hindi? Answer this question Flag as Flag as Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other.

Edit Related wikiHows. Article Summary X If you want to learn to speak Hindi, start by learning the names of objects, as well as whether each item is masculine or feminine. Did this summary help you? Did this article help you? Cookies make wikiHow better. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy.

Co-Authored By:. Co-authors: Updated: April 3, PP Pitta Praveenkumar Jan AR Anjali Reddy Jan SK Sivakumar K. Oct 6, In fact I did this for English during my school days, but somehow I have not tried it for Hindi. NK Nick Kennedy Jan 18,